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  1. Content type: Research

    Several independent meiofaunal lineages are suggested to have originated through progenesis, however, morphological support for this heterochronous process is still lacking. Progenesis is defined as an arrest ...

    Authors: Alexandra Kerbl, Elizaveta G. Fofanova, Tatiana D. Mayorova, Elena E. Voronezhskaya and Katrine Worsaae

    Citation: Frontiers in Zoology 2016 13:49

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  2. Content type: Research

    When facing a novel situation, animals can retreat or leave to avoid risks, but will miss potential resources and opportunities. Alternatively they may reduce environmental uncertainty by exploration, while ri...

    Authors: Ya-Fu Lee, Yen-Min Kuo and Wen-Chen Chu

    Citation: Frontiers in Zoology 2016 13:48

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  3. Content type: Review

    Odonata (dragonflies and damselflies) present an unparalleled insect model to integrate evolutionary genomics with ecology for the study of insect evolution. Key features of Odonata include their ancient phylo...

    Authors: Seth Bybee, Alex Córdoba-Aguilar, M. Catherine Duryea, Ryo Futahashi, Bengt Hansson, M. Olalla Lorenzo-Carballa, Ruud Schilder, Robby Stoks, Anton Suvorov, Erik I. Svensson, Janne Swaegers, Yuma Takahashi, Phillip C. Watts and Maren Wellenreuther

    Citation: Frontiers in Zoology 2016 13:46

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  4. Content type: Research

    Moult is one of the most costly activities in the annual cycle of birds and most avian species separate moult from other energy-demanding activities, such as migration. To this end, young birds tend to undergo...

    Authors: Patrycja Podlaszczuk, Maciej Kamiński, Radosław Włodarczyk, Krzysztof Kaczmarek, Tomasz Janiszewski and Piotr Minias

    Citation: Frontiers in Zoology 2016 13:47

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  5. Content type: Research

    Thaliaceans is one of the understudied classes of the phylum Tunicata. In particular, their phylogenetic relationships remain an issue of debate. The overall pattern of serotonin (5-HT) distribution is an exce...

    Authors: Alberto Valero-Gracia, Rita Marino, Fabio Crocetta, Valeria Nittoli, Stefano Tiozzo and Paolo Sordino

    Citation: Frontiers in Zoology 2016 13:45

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  6. Content type: Research

    Orangutans have one of the slowest-paced life histories of all mammals. Whereas life-history theory suggests that the time to reach adulthood is constrained by the time needed to reach adult body size, the nee...

    Authors: Caroline Schuppli, Sofia I. F. Forss, Ellen J. M. Meulman, Nicole Zweifel, Kevin C. Lee, Evasari Rukmana, Erin R. Vogel, Maria A. van Noordwijk and Carel P. van Schaik

    Citation: Frontiers in Zoology 2016 13:43

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    The Correction to this article has been published in Frontiers in Zoology 2018 15:2

  7. Content type: Research

    Cephalopods are a highly derived class of molluscs that adapted their body plan to a more active and predatory lifestyle. One intriguing adaptation is the modification of the ventral foot to form a bilaterally...

    Authors: Marie-Therese Nödl, Alexandra Kerbl, Manfred G. Walzl, Gerd B. Müller and Heinz Gert de Couet

    Citation: Frontiers in Zoology 2016 13:44

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  8. Content type: Research

    Most biological functions are synchronized to the environmental light:dark cycle via a circadian timekeeping system. Bears exhibit shallow torpor combined with metabolic suppression during winter dormancy. We ...

    Authors: Heiko T. Jansen, Tanya Leise, Gordon Stenhouse, Karine Pigeon, Wayne Kasworm, Justin Teisberg, Thomas Radandt, Robert Dallmann, Steven Brown and Charles T. Robbins

    Citation: Frontiers in Zoology 2016 13:42

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  9. Content type: Research

    Photoreceptors have evolved numerous times giving organisms the ability to detect light and respond to specific visual stimuli. Studies into the visual abilities of the Asteroidea (Echinodermata) have recently...

    Authors: Ronald Petie, Anders Garm and Michael R. Hall

    Citation: Frontiers in Zoology 2016 13:41

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  10. Content type: Research

    Understanding the role of avian vocal communication in social organisation requires knowledge of the vocal repertoire used to convey information. Parrots use acoustic signals in a variety of social contexts, b...

    Authors: Adolfo Christian Montes-Medina, Alejandro Salinas-Melgoza and Katherine Renton

    Citation: Frontiers in Zoology 2016 13:40

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  11. Content type: Research

    The amount of resources provided by the mother before birth has important and long-lasting effects on offspring fitness. Despite this, there is a large amount of variation in maternal investment seen in natura...

    Authors: Joel L. Pick, Pascale Hutter, Christina Ebneter, Ann-Kathrin Ziegler, Marta Giordano and Barbara Tschirren

    Citation: Frontiers in Zoology 2016 13:38

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  12. Content type: Research

    Information on larval diet of many holometabolous insects remains incomplete. Carbon (C) and nitrogen (N) stable isotope analysis in adult wing tissue can provide an efficient tool to infer such trophic relati...

    Authors: Marc-Oliver Adams, Carlo Lutz Seifert, Lisamarie Lehner, Christine Truxa, Wolfgang Wanek and Konrad Fiedler

    Citation: Frontiers in Zoology 2016 13:37

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  13. Content type: Research

    Assessing the range and territories of wild mammals traditionally requires years of data collection and often involves directly following individuals or using tracking devices. Indirect and non-invasive method...

    Authors: Ammie K. Kalan, Alex K. Piel, Roger Mundry, Roman M. Wittig, Christophe Boesch and Hjalmar S. Kühl

    Citation: Frontiers in Zoology 2016 13:34

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  14. Content type: Research

    In most mammals, lactating mothers dramatically increase their food intake after parturition and reach a peak intake rate after a certain time while their offspring continue to grow. A common view, perpetuated...

    Authors: Frédéric Douhard, Jean-François Lemaître, Wendy M. Rauw and Nicolas C. Friggens

    Citation: Frontiers in Zoology 2016 13:32

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  15. Content type: Research

    As increasingly fragmented and isolated populations of threatened species become subjected to climate change, invasive species and other stressors, there is an urgent need to consider adaptive potential when m...

    Authors: Andrew R. Weeks, Jakub Stoklosa and Ary A. Hoffmann

    Citation: Frontiers in Zoology 2016 13:31

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  16. Content type: Research

    Bitter taste perception is essential for species with selective food intake, enabling them to avoid unpalatable or toxic items. Previous studies noted a marked variation in the number of TAS2R genes among various...

    Authors: Zhijin Liu, Guangjian Liu, Frank Hailer, Pablo Orozco-terWengel, Xinxin Tan, Jundong Tian, Zhongze Yan, Baowei Zhang and Ming Li

    Citation: Frontiers in Zoology 2016 13:28

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  17. Content type: Research

    The flight patterns of albatrosses and shearwaters have become a touchstone for much of Lévy flight research, spawning an extensive field of enquiry. There is now compelling evidence that the flight patterns o...

    Authors: Andrew M. Reynolds, Vitor H. Paiva, Jacopo G. Cecere and Stefano Focardi

    Citation: Frontiers in Zoology 2016 13:29

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  18. Content type: Research

    Morphological characters of birds reflect their adaptive evolution and ecological requirements and are also relevant to phylogenetic relationships within a group of related species. The tits (Paridae) are know...

    Authors: Shimiao Shao, Qing Quan, Tianlong Cai, Gang Song, Yanhua Qu and Fumin Lei

    Citation: Frontiers in Zoology 2016 13:30

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  19. Content type: Research

    The swimming activity of sea urchin larvae is dependent on the ciliary band (CB) on the larval surface and is regulated by several neurotransmitters, including serotonin (5HT), dopamine, and γ-aminobutyric aci...

    Authors: Hideki Katow, Tomoko Katow, Hiromi Yoshida, Masato Kiyomoto and Isao Uemura

    Citation: Frontiers in Zoology 2016 13:27

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  20. Content type: Research

    Innovative new techniques that aid in the visualization of microscopic anatomical structures have improved our understanding of organismal biology significantly. It is often challenging to observe internal 3D ...

    Authors: Yongying Ruan, Dan Dan, Mengna Zhang, Ming Bai, Ming Lei, Baoli Yao and Xingke Yang

    Citation: Frontiers in Zoology 2016 13:26

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  21. Content type: Research

    Through the actions of one or more isoforms of the enzyme 5α-reductase in many male reproductive tissues, circulating testosterone (T) undergoes metabolic conversion into 5α-dihydrotestosterone (DHT), which bi...

    Authors: Matthew J. Fuxjager, Eric R. Schuppe, John Hoang, Jennifer Chew, Mital Shah and Barney A. Schlinger

    Citation: Frontiers in Zoology 2016 13:25

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  22. Content type: Research

    Species-specific strategies for financing the costs of reproduction are well understood, forming a continuum ranging from high to low reliance on stored nutrients. Animals relying mostly on stored reserves are...

    Authors: Kim Jaatinen, Markus Öst and Keith A. Hobson

    Citation: Frontiers in Zoology 2016 13:24

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  23. Content type: Review

    An external skeleton is an essential part of the body plan of many animals and is thought to be one of the key factors that enabled the great expansion in animal diversity and disparity during the Cambrian exp...

    Authors: Kevin M. Kocot, Felipe Aguilera, Carmel McDougall, Daniel J. Jackson and Bernard M. Degnan

    Citation: Frontiers in Zoology 2016 13:23

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  24. Content type: Research

    The expression of animal personality is indicated by patterns of consistency in individual behaviour. Often, the differences exhibited between individuals are consistent across situations. However, between som...

    Authors: Kyriacos Kareklas, Gareth Arnott, Robert W. Elwood and Richard A. Holland

    Citation: Frontiers in Zoology 2016 13:22

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  25. Content type: Research

    Male-male competition and female mating preference are major mechanisms of sexual selection, which influences individual fitness. How male-male competition affects female preference, however, remains poorly un...

    Authors: Saori Yokoi, Satoshi Ansai, Masato Kinoshita, Kiyoshi Naruse, Yasuhiro Kamei, Larry J. Young, Teruhiro Okuyama and Hideaki Takeuchi

    Citation: Frontiers in Zoology 2016 13:21

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  26. Content type: Review

    The high incidence of hybridization in waterfowl (ducks, geese and swans) makes this bird group an excellent study system to answer questions related to the evolution and maintenance of species boundaries. How...

    Authors: Jente Ottenburghs, Pim van Hooft, Sipke E. van Wieren, Ronald C. Ydenberg and Herbert H. T. Prins

    Citation: Frontiers in Zoology 2016 13:20

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  27. Content type: Research

    Brittle stars regenerate their whole arms post-amputation. Amphiura filiformis can now be used for molecular characterization of arm regeneration due to the availability of transcriptomic data. Previous work show...

    Authors: Anna Czarkwiani, Cinzia Ferrario, David Viktor Dylus, Michela Sugni and Paola Oliveri

    Citation: Frontiers in Zoology 2016 13:18

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  28. Content type: Research

    Rapid habitat loss and degradation are responsible for population decline in a growing number of species. Understanding the natural history of these species is important for designing conservation strategies, ...

    Authors: Amrita Srivathsan, Andie Ang, Alfried P. Vogler and Rudolf Meier

    Citation: Frontiers in Zoology 2016 13:17

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  29. Content type: Research

    Traditional theory assumes that egg recognition and rejection abilities arise as a response against interspecific brood parasitism (IBP). However, rejection also appears in some species that are currently not ...

    Authors: Francisco Ruiz-Raya, Manuel Soler, Gianluca Roncalli, Teresa Abaurrea and Juan Diego Ibáñez-Álamo

    Citation: Frontiers in Zoology 2016 13:16

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  30. Content type: Research

    The Mediterranean fruit fly, Ceratitis capitata (Wiedemann) (Diptera: Tephritidae) is a highly invasive species now with an almost cosmopolitan distribution. Two other damaging, polyphagous and closely-related sp...

    Authors: Christopher W. Weldon, Leigh Boardman, Danica Marlin and John S. Terblanche

    Citation: Frontiers in Zoology 2016 13:15

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  31. Content type: Methodology

    The study of morphology is experiencing a renaissance due to rapid improvements in technologies for 3D visualization of complex internal and external structures. But 3D visualization of the internal structure ...

    Authors: Tomonari Kaji, Keiichi Kakui, Naoyuki Miyazaki, Kazuyoshi Murata and A. Richard Palmer

    Citation: Frontiers in Zoology 2016 13:14

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  32. Content type: Research

    Wrasses represent the second largest family of marine fishes and display a high diversity of complex colours linked to ecological functions. Recently, red autofluorescent body colouration has been reported in ...

    Authors: Tobias Gerlach, Jennifer Theobald, Nathan S. Hart, Shaun P. Collin and Nico K. Michiels

    Citation: Frontiers in Zoology 2016 13:13

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  33. Content type: Research

    White-nose syndrome (WNS) has devastated bat populations in North America, with millions of bats dead. WNS is associated with physiological changes in hibernating bats, leading to increased arousals from hiber...

    Authors: Thomas Mikael Lilley, Joseph Samuel Johnson, Lasse Ruokolainen, Elisabeth Jeannine Rogers, Cali Ann Wilson, Spencer Mead Schell, Kenneth Alan Field and DeeAnn Marie Reeder

    Citation: Frontiers in Zoology 2016 13:12

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  34. Content type: Research

    Titi monkeys, Callicebus, comprise the most species-rich primate genus—34 species are currently recognised, five of them described since 2005. The lack of molecular data for titi monkeys has meant that little is ...

    Authors: Hazel Byrne, Anthony B. Rylands, Jeferson C. Carneiro, Jessica W. Lynch Alfaro, Fabricio Bertuol, Maria N. F. da Silva, Mariluce Messias, Colin P. Groves, Russell A. Mittermeier, Izeni Farias, Tomas Hrbek, Horacio Schneider, Iracilda Sampaio and Jean P. Boubli

    Citation: Frontiers in Zoology 2016 13:10

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  35. Content type: Research

    Do evolutionary specializations lead to evolutionary constraint? This appears plausible, particularly when specialization leads to loss of complex adaptations. In the owl monkey lineage, nocturnality clearly a...

    Authors: N. I. Mundy, N. C. Morningstar, A. L. Baden, E. Fernandez-Duque, V. M. Dávalos and B. J. Bradley

    Citation: Frontiers in Zoology 2016 13:9

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  36. Content type: Research

    The functional design of skeletal muscles is shaped by conflicting selective pressures between support and propulsion, which becomes even more important as animals get larger. If larger animals were geometrica...

    Authors: Taylor J. M. Dick and Christofer J. Clemente

    Citation: Frontiers in Zoology 2016 13:8

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  37. Content type: Research

    Hibernation has been a key area of research for several decades, essentially in small mammals in the laboratory, yet we know very little about what triggers or ends it in the wild. Do climatic factors, an inte...

    Authors: A. L. Evans, N. J. Singh, A. Friebe, J. M. Arnemo, T. G. Laske, O. Fröbert, J. E. Swenson and S. Blanc

    Citation: Frontiers in Zoology 2016 13:7

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  38. Content type: Research

    Environmental variation associated with season length is likely to promote differentiation in life-history traits, but has been little studied in natural populations of ectotherms. We investigated patterns of ...

    Authors: Wen Bo Liao, Yi Luo, Shang Ling Lou, Di Lu and Robert Jehle

    Citation: Frontiers in Zoology 2016 13:6

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  39. Content type: Research

    Oweniids are marine tubeworms burrowing in muddy sediments that in current phylogenies form an early branching lineage within Annelida. Little is known about their general morphology, in particular the nervous...

    Authors: Nadezhda N. Rimskaya-Korsakova, Alen Kristof, Vladimir V. Malakhov and Andreas Wanninger

    Citation: Frontiers in Zoology 2016 13:5

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  40. Content type: Research

    Reactive oxygen (ROS) and nitrogen (RNS) species are produced during normal unstressed metabolic activity in aerobic tissues. Most analytical work uses tissue homogenates, and lacks spatial information on the ...

    Authors: Georgina A. Rivera-Ingraham, Iara Rocchetta, Ulf Bickmeyer, Stefanie Meyer and Doris Abele

    Citation: Frontiers in Zoology 2016 13:4

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  41. Content type: Research

    Nest sanitation is a widespread but rarely studied behavior in birds. The most common form of nest sanitation behavior, the removal of nestling feces, has focused the discussion about which selective pressures...

    Authors: Juan Diego Ibáñez-Álamo, Francisco Ruiz-Raya, Laura Rodríguez and Manuel Soler

    Citation: Frontiers in Zoology 2016 13:3

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  42. Content type: Research

    Ascidians can associate with abundant and diverse consortia of microbial symbionts, yet these communities remain unexamined for the majority of host ascidians and little is known about host-symbiont interactions.

    Authors: Susanna López-Legentil, Xavier Turon and Patrick M. Erwin

    Citation: Frontiers in Zoology 2016 13:2

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  43. Content type: Research

    Environmental stressors increase the secretion of glucocorticoids that in turn can shorten telomeres via oxidative damage. Modification of telomere length, as a result of adversity faced early in life, can mod...

    Authors: Verónica Quirici, Claudia Jimena Guerrero, Jesse S. Krause, John C. Wingfield and Rodrigo A. Vásquez

    Citation: Frontiers in Zoology 2016 13:1

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