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  1. One of the most important decisions that an animal has to make in its life is choosing a mate. Although most studies in sexual selection assume that mate choice is rational, this assumption has not been tested...

    Authors: François-Xavier Dechaume-Moncharmont, Marine Freychet, Sébastien Motreuil and Frank Cézilly
    Citation: Frontiers in Zoology 2013 10:69
  2. The monk parakeet (Myiopsitta monachus) is a widespread invasive species native to southern South America that has become established in many regions of the world. Monk parakeets breed in a large, fully enclosed ...

    Authors: Juan José Martínez, María Carla de Aranzamendi, Juan F Masello and Enrique H Bucher
    Citation: Frontiers in Zoology 2013 10:68
  3. Individuals should aim to adjust their parental behaviours in order to maximize the success of their offspring but minimize associated costs. Plasticity in parental care is well documented from various bird, m...

    Authors: Eva Ringler, Andrius Pašukonis, Walter Hödl and Max Ringler
    Citation: Frontiers in Zoology 2013 10:67
  4. Promiscuity is frequently used to describe animal mating behaviour, and especially to describe multiple mating by females. Yet this use of the term is incorrect, perhaps reflecting an erroneous adoption of com...

    Authors: Mark A Elgar, Therésa M Jones and Kathryn B McNamara
    Citation: Frontiers in Zoology 2013 10:66
  5. Regeneration is a widespread phenomenon in the animal kingdom, but the capacity to restore damaged or missing tissue varies greatly between different phyla and even within the same phylum. However, the distant...

    Authors: Elena Perea-Atienza, Maria Botta, Willi Salvenmoser, Robert Gschwentner, Bernhard Egger, Alen Kristof, Pedro Martinez and Johannes Georg Achatz
    Citation: Frontiers in Zoology 2013 10:64
  6. While a number of studies have illustrated and analyzed 3D models of inner ears in higher vertebrates, inner ears in fishes have rarely been investigated in 3D, especially with regard to the sensory epithelia ...

    Authors: Tanja Schulz-Mirbach, Martin Heß and Brian D Metscher
    Citation: Frontiers in Zoology 2013 10:63
  7. Multi-level fission-fusion societies, characteristic of a number of large brained mammal species including some primates, cetaceans and elephants, are among the most complex and cognitively demanding animal so...

    Authors: Graeme Shannon, Rob Slotow, Sarah M Durant, Katito N Sayialel, Joyce Poole, Cynthia Moss and Karen McComb
    Citation: Frontiers in Zoology 2013 10:62
  8. Artificial light-at-night is known to affect a broad array of behaviours and physiological processes. In urbanized bird species, light-at-night advances important biological rhythms such as daily cycles of act...

    Authors: Davide M Dominoni, Wolfgang Goymann, Barbara Helm and Jesko Partecke
    Citation: Frontiers in Zoology 2013 10:60
  9. To understand the evolution of acoustic communication in animals, it is important to distinguish between the structure and the usage of vocal signals, since both aspects are subject to different constraints. I...

    Authors: Peter Maciej, Ibrahima Ndao, Kurt Hammerschmidt and Julia Fischer
    Citation: Frontiers in Zoology 2013 10:58
  10. In the past decades, many studies focused on the cell motility of apicomplexan invasive stages as they represent a potential target for chemotherapeutic intervention. Gregarines (Conoidasida, Gregarinasina) ar...

    Authors: Andrea Valigurová, Naděžda Vaškovicová, Naďa Musilová and Joseph Schrével
    Citation: Frontiers in Zoology 2013 10:57
  11. In the past decade ecological speciation has been recognized as having an important role in the diversification of plant-feeding insects. Aphids are host-specialised phytophagous insects that mate on their hos...

    Authors: Emmanuelle Jousselin, Astrid Cruaud, Gwenaelle Genson, François Chevenet, Robert G Foottit and Armelle Cœur d’acier
    Citation: Frontiers in Zoology 2013 10:56
  12. Many scientific disciplines rely on correct taxon delineations and identifications. So does a great part of the general public as well as decision makers. Researchers, students and enthusiastic amateurs often ...

    Authors: Michael Balke, Stefan Schmidt, Axel Hausmann, Emmanuel FA Toussaint, Johannes Bergsten, Matthew Buffington, Christoph L Häuser, Alexander Kroupa, Gregor Hagedorn, Alexander Riedel, Andrew Polaszek, Rosichon Ubaidillah, Lars Krogmann, Andreas Zwick, Martin Fikáček, Jiří Hájek…
    Citation: Frontiers in Zoology 2013 10:55
  13. Traditionally, the origin of the third germ layer and its special formation of coelomic cavities by enterocoely is regarded to be an informative character in phylogenetic analyses. In early deuterostomes such ...

    Authors: Sabrina Kaul-Strehlow and Thomas Stach
    Citation: Frontiers in Zoology 2013 10:53
  14. In Annelida two types of photoreceptor cells (PRCs) are regarded as generally present, rhabdomeric and ciliary PRCs. In certain taxa, however, an additional type of PRC may occur, the so called phaosomal PRC. ...

    Authors: Carmen Döring, Jasmin Gosda, Kristin Tessmar-Raible, Harald Hausen, Detlev Arendt and Günter Purschke
    Citation: Frontiers in Zoology 2013 10:52
  15. Regulation of pH homeostasis is a central feature of all animals to cope with acid–base disturbances caused by respiratory CO2. Although a large body of knowledge is available for vertebrate and mammalian pH regu...

    Authors: Marian Y Hu, Jay-Ron Lee, Li-Yih Lin, Tin-Han Shih, Meike Stumpp, Mong-Fong Lee, Pung-Pung Hwang and Yung-Che Tseng
    Citation: Frontiers in Zoology 2013 10:51
  16. A mother carries her young in many altricial mammals, such as cats, lions, rats and mice. During maternal carrying, the transported young assume a compact posture. We have recently shown that, in both humans a...

    Authors: Sachine Yoshida, Gianluca Esposito, Ryuko Ohnishi, Yousuke Tsuneoka, Shota Okabe, Takefumi Kikusui, Tadafumi Kato and Kumi O Kuroda
    Citation: Frontiers in Zoology 2013 10:50
  17. The Vespertilionidae is the largest family of bats, characterized by high occurrence of morphologically convergent groups, which impedes the study of their evolutionary history. The situation is even more comp...

    Authors: Darina Koubínová, Nancy Irwin, Pavel Hulva, Petr Koubek and Jan Zima
    Citation: Frontiers in Zoology 2013 10:48
  18. The nemertean pilidium is a long-lived feeding larva unique to the life cycle of a single monophyletic group, the Pilidiophora, which is characterized by this innovation. That the pilidium feeds on small plank...

    Authors: George von Dassow, Richard B Emlet and Svetlana A Maslakova
    Citation: Frontiers in Zoology 2013 10:47
  19. In mammals, internal Na+ homeostasis is maintained through Na+ reabsorption via a variety of Na+ transport proteins with mutually compensating functions, which are expressed in different segments of the nephrons....

    Authors: Wei-Jen Chang, Yi-Fang Wang, Huei-Jyun Hu, Jung-Hsuan Wang, Tsung-Han Lee and Pung-Pung Hwang
    Citation: Frontiers in Zoology 2013 10:46
  20. Invertebrate communities are central to many environmental monitoring programs. In freshwater ecosystems, aquatic macroinvertebrates are collected, identified and then used to infer ecosystem condition. Yet th...

    Authors: Melissa E Carew, Vincent J Pettigrove, Leon Metzeling and Ary A Hoffmann
    Citation: Frontiers in Zoology 2013 10:45
  21. In biomedical research, a huge variety of different techniques is currently available for the structural examination of small specimens, including conventional light microscopy (LM), transmission electron micr...

    Authors: Stephan Handschuh, Natalie Baeumler, Thomas Schwaha and Bernhard Ruthensteiner
    Citation: Frontiers in Zoology 2013 10:44
  22. Allelic incompatibility between individuals of the same species should select for mate choice based on the genetic make-up of both partners at loci that influence offspring fitness. As a consequence, mate choi...

    Authors: Andra Thiel, Anne C Weeda, Jetske G de Boer and Thomas S Hoffmeister
    Citation: Frontiers in Zoology 2013 10:43
  23. Intra-specific variation in melanocyte pigmentation, common in the animal kingdom, has caught the eye of naturalists and biologists for centuries. In vertebrates, dark, eumelanin pigmentation is often genetica...

    Authors: Madeleine F Scriba, Anne-Lyse Ducrest, Isabelle Henry, Alexei L Vyssotski, Niels C Rattenborg and Alexandre Roulin
    Citation: Frontiers in Zoology 2013 10:42
  24. Terrestrial top-predators are expected to regulate and stabilise food webs through their consumptive and non-consumptive effects on sympatric mesopredators and prey. The lethal control of top-predators has the...

    Authors: Benjamin L Allen, Lee R Allen, Richard M Engeman and Luke K-P Leung
    Citation: Frontiers in Zoology 2013 10:39
  25. Landing flight in birds is demanding on visual control of velocity, distance to target, and slope of descent. Birds flying in flocks must also keep a common course of landing in order to avoid collisions. Wher...

    Authors: Vlastimil Hart, Erich Pascal Malkemper, Tomáš Kušta, Sabine Begall, Petra Nováková, Vladimír Hanzal, Lukáš Pleskač, Miloš Ježek, Richard Policht, Václav Husinec, Jaroslav Červený and Hynek Burda
    Citation: Frontiers in Zoology 2013 10:38
  26. Gastropods are among the most diverse animal clades, and have successfully colonized special habitats such as the marine sand interstitial. Specialized meiofaunal snails and slugs are tiny and worm-shaped. The...

    Authors: Bastian Brenzinger, Gerhard Haszprunar and Michael Schrödl
    Citation: Frontiers in Zoology 2013 10:37
  27. Ecological constraints related to foraging are expected to affect the evolution of morphological traits relevant to food capture, manipulation and transport. Females of central-place foraging Hymenoptera vary ...

    Authors: Carlo Polidori, Angelica Crottini, Lidia Della Venezia, Jesús Selfa, Nicola Saino and Diego Rubolini
    Citation: Frontiers in Zoology 2013 10:36
  28. One of the most interesting riddles within crustaceans is the origin of Cladocera (water fleas). Cladocerans are morphologically diverse and in terms of size and body segmentation differ considerably from othe...

    Authors: Martin Fritsch, Olaf RP Bininda-Emonds and Stefan Richter
    Citation: Frontiers in Zoology 2013 10:35
  29. The PCR-based analysis of homologous genes has become one of the most powerful approaches for species detection and identification, particularly with the recent availability of Next Generation Sequencing platf...

    Authors: Matthieu Leray, Joy Y Yang, Christopher P Meyer, Suzanne C Mills, Natalia Agudelo, Vincent Ranwez, Joel T Boehm and Ryuji J Machida
    Citation: Frontiers in Zoology 2013 10:34
  30. In contrast to mammalian erythrocytes, which have lost their nucleus and mitochondria during maturation, the erythrocytes of almost all other vertebrate species are nucleated throughout their lifespan. Little ...

    Authors: Antoine Stier, Pierre Bize, Quentin Schull, Joffrey Zoll, François Singh, Bernard Geny, Frédéric Gros, Cathy Royer, Sylvie Massemin and François Criscuolo
    Citation: Frontiers in Zoology 2013 10:33
  31. Parasitic, commensalistic, and mutualistic guests in social insect colonies often circumvent their hosts’ nestmate recognition system to be accepted. These tolerance strategies include chemical mimicry and che...

    Authors: Florian Menzel, Nico Blüthgen, Till Tolasch, Jürgen Conrad, Uwe Beifuß, Till Beuerle and Thomas Schmitt
    Citation: Frontiers in Zoology 2013 10:32
  32. Nemertea is one of the least studied lophotrochozoan phyla concerning neurogenesis. The sparse data available do not unambiguously allow for answering questions with respect to the neural groundplan of the phy...

    Authors: Sabine Hindinger, Thomas Schwaha and Andreas Wanninger
    Citation: Frontiers in Zoology 2013 10:31
  33. Risk assessment occurs over different temporal and spatial scales and is selected for when individuals show an adaptive response to a threat. Here, we test if birds respond to the threat of brood parasitism us...

    Authors: Sonia Kleindorfer, Christine Evans, Diane Colombelli-Négrel, Jeremy Robertson, Matteo Griggio and Herbert Hoi
    Citation: Frontiers in Zoology 2013 10:30
  34. Females have often been shown to exhibit preferences for certain male traits. However, little is known about behavioural rules females use when searching for mates in their natural habitat. We investigated mat...

    Authors: Ivonne Meuche, Oscar Brusa, K Eduard Linsenmair, Alexander Keller and Heike Pröhl
    Citation: Frontiers in Zoology 2013 10:29
  35. Ancient DNA has revolutionized conservation genetic studies as it allows monitoring of the genetic variability of species through time and predicting the impact of ecosystems’ threats on future population dyna...

    Authors: Oscar Ramírez, Elena Gómez-Díaz, Iñigo Olalde, Juan Carlos Illera, Juan Carlos Rando, Jacob González-Solís and Carles Lalueza-Fox
    Citation: Frontiers in Zoology 2013 10:28
  36. In long-distance migrants, a considerably higher proportion of time and energy is allocated to stopovers rather than to flights. Stopover duration and departure decisions affect consequently subsequent flight ...

    Authors: Heiko Schmaljohann, Fränzi Korner-Nievergelt, Beat Naef-Daenzer, Rolf Nagel, Ivan Maggini, Marc Bulte and Franz Bairlein
    Citation: Frontiers in Zoology 2013 10:26
  37. Hybridization is a common phenomenon in fish and is considered to be a major source of diversification. Deciphering the remoulding of genomic regions and phenotypes in zones where hybrid specimens occur is of ...

    Authors: Melthide Sinama, André Gilles, Caroline Costedoat, Emmanuel Corse, Jean-Michel Olivier, Rémi Chappaz and Nicolas Pech
    Citation: Frontiers in Zoology 2013 10:22
  38. We examined patterns of genetic divergence in 26 Mediterranean populations of the semi-terrestrial beachflea Orchestia montagui using mitochondrial (cytochrome oxidase subunit I), microsatellite (eight loci) and ...

    Authors: Laura Pavesi, Ralph Tiedemann, Elvira De Matthaeis and Valerio Ketmaier
    Citation: Frontiers in Zoology 2013 10:21
  39. Gastropoda are guided by several sensory organs in the head region, referred to as cephalic sensory organs (CSOs). These CSOs are innervated by distinct nerves. This study proposes a unified terminology for th...

    Authors: Annette Klussmann-Kolb, Roger P Croll and Sid Staubach
    Citation: Frontiers in Zoology 2013 10:20