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Fig. 1 | Frontiers in Zoology

Fig. 1

From: Speed dependent phase shifts and gait changes in cockroaches running on substrates of different slipperiness

Fig. 1

Sketch of a running cockroach drawn after a single frame of a typical sequence. Upper row: Side view of a specimen with markers on the pronotum, the metathorax and the caudal tip of the abdomen. The lateral edge along the body (white dashed line) was used to define the centre-line onto which the positions of the markers were projected (blue arrows). The projection of the thoracic marker was assumed as the position of the centre of mass. The position of the thorax was defined by the connecting line between the projections of the pronotum and the thorax markers (green line) while the position of the abdomen was defined by the connecting line between the projections of the thorax marker and the abdomen marker onto the mid-line (red line). The angle between thorax and abdomen was TA. For clarity only the legs of one tripod (R1, L2, R3) are shown. Lower row: Top view of a specimen with markers applied to the pronotum, the thorax and the abdomen. Both sets of legs are in contact with the ground, with the tripod made up by R1, L2 and R3 pictured just before taking off and the tripod consisting of L1, R2 and L3 having just touched down

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