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Table 5 Percentage share of individuals of B. pales which would travel 1 km, 2 km, 3 km, 5 km or 10 km; calculated with the NEF and IPF based on 50 m intervals

From: Dispersal and adaptation strategies of the high mountain butterfly Boloria pales in the Romanian Carpathians

  Distance Intervall Number IPF Males NEF Males IPF Females NEF Females
Grazed sector 1 km 20 7.66 4.98 2.23 0.37
2 km 40 3.54 0.23 0.81 1.26−3
3 km 60 2.25 0.01 0.45 4.29−6
5 km 100 1.27 2.22−5 0.21 4.99−11
10 km 200 0.59 4.56−12 0.08 2.32−23
Ungrazed sector 1 km 20 0.26 0.05 1.47 0.48
2 km 40 0.07 8.36−5 0.62 7.63−3
3 km 60 0.03 1.42−7 0.37 1.21−4
5 km 100 0.01 4.07− 13 0.20 3.08−8
10 km 200 2.91−3 5.70−27 0.08 3.15−17