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Table 1 The taxonomy of the titis

From: Phylogenetic relationships of the New World titi monkeys (Callicebus): first appraisal of taxonomy based on molecular evidence

Hershkovitz [15] Hershkovtiz [5, 12] Kobayashi [13]; Kobayashi & Langguth [28] Van Roosmalen et al. [6] Groves [17] Present study
Genus Callicebus Genus Callicebus Genus Callicebus Genus Callicebus Genus Callicebus Genus Cheracebus
-- -- -- -- Subgenus Torquatus --
-- torquatus group torquatus group torquatus group torquatus group --
C. torquatus torquatus C. torquatus torquatus C. torquatus torquatus C. torquatus C. torquatus C. torquatus
C. t. lugens C. t. lugens C. t. lugens C. lugens C. lugens C. lugens*
-- C. t. lucifer C. t. lucifer C. lucifer C. lucifer C. lucifer
-- C. t. purinus C. t. purinus C. purinus C. purinus C. purinus*
-- C. t. regulus C. t. regulus C. regulus C. regulus C. regulus
C. t. medemi C. t. medemi C. t. medemi C. medemi C. medemi C. medemi
-- -- -- -- Subgenus Callicebus Genus Callicebus
-- moloch group personatus group personatus group personatus group --
-- C. personatus personatus C. personatus C. personatus C. personatus C. personatus*
-- C. p. melanochir C. melanochir C. melanochir C. melanochir C. melanochir
-- C. p. nigrifrons C. nigrifrons C. nigrifrons C. nigrifrons C. nigrifrons*
-- C. p. barbarabrownae C. barbarabrownae C. barbarabrownae C. barbarabrownae C. barbarabrownae
-- -- C. coimbrai C. coimbrai C. coimbrai C. coimbrai*
-- -- -- -- -- Genus Plecturocebus
-- -- moloch group moloch group moloch group moloch group
C. moloch moloch C. moloch C. moloch C. moloch C. moloch P. moloch*
-- C. cinerascens C. cinerascens C. cinerascens C. cinerascens P. cinerascens*
C. m. hoffmannsi C. hoffmannsi hoffmannsi C. hoffmannsi hoffmannsi C. hoffmannsi C. hoffmannsi P. hoffmannsi*
-- C. h. baptista C. h. baptista C. baptista C. baptista P. baptista
-- -- -- C. bernhardi C. bernhardi P. bernhardi*
C. m. brunneus C. brunneus C. brunneus C. brunneus C. brunneus P. brunneus*
-- -- cupreus group cupreus group -- --
C. m. cupreus C. cupreus cupreus C. cupreus cupreus C. cupreus C. cupreus P. cupreus*
C. m. discolor C. c. discolor C. c. discolor C. discolor C. discolor P. discolor
C. m. ornatus C. c. ornatus C. c. ornatus C. ornatus C. ornatus P. ornatus
-- C. caligatus C. caligatus C. caligatus C. caligatus P. caligatus*
-- C. dubius C. dubius a C. dubius C. dubius --
-- -- -- C. stephennashi C. stephennashi P. stephennashi
-- -- -- -- -- P. aureipalatii
-- -- -- -- -- P. caquetensis
-- -- -- -- -- P. vieirai
-- -- -- -- -- P. miltoni*
-- -- -- -- -- P. toppini
-- donacophilus group donacophilus group donacophilus group donacophilus group donacophilus group
C. m. donacophilus C. donacophilus donacophilus C. donacophilus donacophilus C. donacophilus C. donacophilus P. donacophilus*
-- C. d. pallescens C. d. pallescens C. pallescens C. pallescens P. pallescens
-- C. oenanthe -- C. oenanthe C. oenanthe P. oenanthe
-- C. olallae C. olallae C. olallae C. olallae P. olallae
-- -- -- -- -- P. urubambensis
-- modestus group -- -- modestus group --
-- C. modestus C. modestus C. modestus C. modestus P. modestus
10 taxa 25 taxa 25 taxa 28 taxa 28 taxa 33 taxa
  1. Taxonomic arrangement for Callicebus taxa as proposed by Hershkovitz [15]; Hershkovitz [5, 12]; Kobayashi [13] and Kobayashi & Langguth [28]; Van Roosmalen et al. [6]; Groves [17]; and the present study. Classification for species not included in this study follows Groves [17], and species described and reinstated after Groves [11, 17, 66, 9496] with the exception of P. modestus where we follow Kobayashi [13]. Bold indicates species' classification
  2. aSpecies group undetermined
  3. *Species included in this study