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Table 2 Reported sex pheromone components of S. frugiperda

From: Host strain specific sex pheromone variation in Spodoptera frugiperda

Female sex pheromone Synthetic lures that attracted most males
  Fl, USA1 French Guyana2 Brazil3 Corn* Rice* PA, USA4 Fl, ** USA1,5 Mexico6 Costa Rica7 French Guyana2 Brazil3
Z11-16:Ac (m) 9 16.66 12.9 12.4 7.3 17.69   10.3   15.5  
Z9-14:Ac (M) 69 73.75 82.8 81.7 82.4 81.61 99.42 77.8 99.4 83 98
14:Ac (a)   0.53   1.1 1.1       
Z11-14:Ac (b)   1.2 1.5 1.1 1.6       
12:Ac (c)   0.43 0.6 1.1 1.9       
Z9-12:Ac (d) 2 0.5 trace 0.8 2.1 0.25     0.5  
Z7-12:Ac (e) 4 1.12 0.8 1.8 3.6 0.45 0.58 11.9 0.6 1 1
E7-12:Ac    1.2         1
Z9-14:Al 13 3.59          
Z10-14:Ac    0.3         
16:Ac   0.21          
Z11-16:Al 3           
  1. All numbers in one column add to 100%. Female sex pheromone refers to gland extracts. Tumlinson et al. (1986) also analyzed the volatile blend emitted from the glands and found 2.6% Z11-16:Ac, 90.1% Z9-14:Ac, 1.2% Z11-14:Ac, 1.9% 12:Ac, 2.2% Z9-12:Ac, 0.21% 16:Ac and 3.2% Z7-12:Ac. Note that the Z9-14:Al which was found in the gland extracts, was not found in the emitted volatiles. Compounds in bold are the compounds that we could identify in the gland extracts studied here; all of these were found in both strains. Letters behind these compounds are given the facilitate the reading. *Means of the relative amounts that we found in glands extracted from females in the scotophase. ** In FL the same 4-component blend as used by Fleischer et al. (2005) was tested and attracted similar amounts of males as the 2-component blend.1[23]; 2[24]; 3[25]; 4[29]; 5[28]; 6[27]; 7[26].