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Table 5 WRST results of the overall effects of the different strategies to ameliorate the negative impact of paedomorphosis on the phylogenetic reconstruction based on the nodes of Fig. 5A.

From: Data congruence, paedomorphosis and salamanders

  Strategy
  S1 S2 S12
PABA 4 0.00252 <0.00001 0.00019
PABA 3 0.07684 <0.00001 0.00319
PABA 2 0.00128 <0.00001 0.02480
PBS <0.00001 <0.00001 <0.00001
NDI 0.85342 <0.00001 0.00558
PABSA 3 <0.00001 0.00064 <0.00001
PABSA 2 0.16582 <0.00001 0.51783
LILD 0.76970 <0.00001 0.53493
Change in mean disagreement +2.50 -4.64 +4.43
  1. Significant p values are in bold. Italic values indicate that the negative rank sum was larger than the positive rank sum and thus the strategy is overall detrimental to this set of nodes given the used approach (PABA4, PABA3, PABA2, PBS, NDI, PABSA3, PABSA2, or LILD). Furthermore, the change in the mean disagreement of the morphological partition to all other partitions at these nodes is also shown (Table 1). S1 = code adult morphology of paedomorphic taxa as unknown; S2 = exclude paedomorphic character traits; S12 = combination of S1 and S2.