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Table 2 Variation in mean hourly locomotor activity in winter and summer

From: Urban-like night illumination reduces melatonin release in European blackbirds (Turdus merula): implications of city life for biological time-keeping of songbirds

  Winter Summer
Parameters Estimate Lower 95% Upper 95% pMCMC Estimate Lower 95% Upper 95% pMCMC
intercept 0.44 0.35 0.53 < 0.001 0.63 0.50 0.75 < 0.001
time of day −0.01 −0.01 0.00 < 0.001 −0.01 −0.01 −0.00 < 0.001
treatment 0.33 0.22 0.43 < 0.001 0.41 0.23 0.59 < 0.001
origin 0.03 −0.01 0.13 0.629 0.12 −0.06 0.29 0.168
time of day * treatment      −0.01 −0.02 −0.01 < 0.001
time of day * origin      0.01 0.00 0.01 0.030
treatment * origin      −0.46 −0.71 −0.21 < 0.001
time of day* treatment* origin      0.01 0.00 0.01 0.007
  1. Models are LMMs. Reference levels: treatment = control group, origin = rural birds. For each parameter we show the estimated mean, the lower and upper 95% CI and the p-value calculated based on MCMC (pMCMC). Non-significant interactions were sequentially removed (empty cells). Significant results are printed in bold.