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Frontiers in Zoology

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  1. Content type: Research

    Climate is often considered as a key ecological factor limiting the capability of expansion of most species and the extent of suitable habitats. In this contribution, we implement Species Distribution Models (...

    Authors: Mattia Iannella, Francesco Cerasoli and Maurizio Biondi

    Citation: Frontiers in Zoology 2017 14:55

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  2. Content type: Research

    Many legged animals change gaits when increasing speed. In insects, only one gait change has been documented so far, from slow walking to fast running, which is characterised by an alternating tripod. Studies ...

    Authors: Tom Weihmann, Pierre-Guillaume Brun and Emily Pycroft

    Citation: Frontiers in Zoology 2017 14:54

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  3. Content type: Hypothesis

    Human populations and breeds of domestic animals are composed of individuals with a multiplicity of eye (= iris) colorations. Some wild birds and mammals may have intraspecific eye color variability, but this ...

    Authors: Juan J. Negro, M. Carmen Blázquez and Ismael Galván

    Citation: Frontiers in Zoology 2017 14:53

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  4. Content type: Research

    Bone structure has a crucial role in the functional adaptations that allow vertebrates to conduct their diverse lifestyles. Much has been documented regarding the diaphyseal structure of long bones of tetrapod...

    Authors: Eli Amson, Patrick Arnold, Anneke H. van Heteren, Aurore Canoville and John A. Nyakatura

    Citation: Frontiers in Zoology 2017 14:52

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  5. Content type: Research

    Insemination in scorpions is carried out by means of a partly sclerotized structure, the spermatophore, which is composed of two separate halves, the hemispermatophores. In most genera these reproductive struc...

    Authors: Lionel Monod, Lucie Cauwet, Edmundo González-Santillán and Siegfried Huber

    Citation: Frontiers in Zoology 2017 14:51

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  6. Content type: Research

    Vocal sequences - utterances consisting of calls produced in close succession - are common phenomena in animal communication. While many studies have explored the adaptive benefits of producing such sequences,...

    Authors: Pawel Fedurek, Klaus Zuberbühler and Stuart Semple

    Citation: Frontiers in Zoology 2017 14:50

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  7. Content type: Research

    Exposure to future ocean acidification scenarios may alter the behaviour of marine teleosts through interference with neuroreceptor functioning. So far, most studies investigated effects of ocean acidification...

    Authors: Matthias Schmidt, Heidrun Sigrid Windisch, Kai-Uwe Ludwichowski, Sean Lando Levin Seegert, Hans-Otto Pörtner, Daniela Storch and Christian Bock

    Citation: Frontiers in Zoology 2017 14:49

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  8. Content type: Research

    Unlike Drosophila but similar to other arthropod and vertebrate embryos, the flour beetle Tribolium castaneum develops everted limb buds during embryogenesis. However, the molecular processes directing the evagin...

    Authors: Susanne Thümecke, Anke Beermann, Martin Klingler and Reinhard Schröder

    Citation: Frontiers in Zoology 2017 14:48

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  9. Content type: Research

    The maintenance of species and the promotion of speciation are closely related to chromosomal rearrangements throughout evolution. Decapoda represents the most species-rich order among crustaceans and, despite...

    Authors: Zeltia Torrecilla, Andrés Martínez-Lage, Alejandra Perina, Enrique González-Ortegón and Ana M. González-Tizón

    Citation: Frontiers in Zoology 2017 14:47

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  10. Content type: Research

    Animal toxins can have medical and therapeutic applications. Principally, toxins produced by insects, arachnids, snakes and frogs have been characterized. Venomous mammals are rare, and their venoms have not b...

    Authors: Krzysztof Kowalski, Paweł Marciniak, Grzegorz Rosiński and Leszek Rychlik

    Citation: Frontiers in Zoology 2017 14:46

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  11. Content type: Research

    Reproduction is an energetically expensive process that supposedly impairs somatic integrity in the long term, because resources are limited and have to be allocated between reproduction and somatic maintenanc...

    Authors: Charlotte Katharina Maria Schielke, Hynek Burda, Yoshiyuki Henning, Jan Okrouhlík and Sabine Begall

    Citation: Frontiers in Zoology 2017 14:45

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  12. Content type: Research

    A central question in evolutionary parasitology is to what extent ecology impacts patterns of parasitism in wild host populations. In this study, we aim to disentangle factors influencing the risk of parasite ...

    Authors: May Hokan, Christina Strube, Ute Radespiel and Elke Zimmermann

    Citation: Frontiers in Zoology 2017 14:44

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  13. Content type: Methodology

    Over the past couple of decades, measuring immunological parameters has become widespread in studies of ecology and evolution. A combination of different immunological indices is useful for quantifying differe...

    Authors: Arne Hegemann, Sara Pardal and Kevin D. Matson

    Citation: Frontiers in Zoology 2017 14:43

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  14. Content type: Research

    Fluorochrome staining is among the most widely used techniques to study growth dynamics of echinoderms. However, it fails to detect fine-scale increments because produced marks are commonly diffusely distribut...

    Authors: Przemysław Gorzelak, Aurélie Dery, Philippe Dubois and Jarosław Stolarski

    Citation: Frontiers in Zoology 2017 14:42

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  15. Content type: Research

    Diversity of hair in marine mammals was suggested as an evolutionary innovation to adapt aquatic environment, yet its genetic basis remained poorly explored. We scanned α-keratin genes, one major structural co...

    Authors: Xiaohui Sun, Zepeng Zhang, Yingying Sun, Jing Li, Shixia Xu and Guang Yang

    Citation: Frontiers in Zoology 2017 14:41

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  16. Content type: Research

    Aedes albopictus (Diptera; Culicidae) is a highly invasive mosquito species and a competent vector of several arboviral diseases that have spread rapidly throughout the world. Prevalen...

    Authors: Giacomo Tavecchia, Miguel-Angel Miranda, David Borrás, Mikel Bengoa, Carlos Barceló, Claudia Paredes-Esquivel and Carl Schwarz

    Citation: Frontiers in Zoology 2017 14:39

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  17. Content type: Research

    Trophic interactions are a fundamental aspect of ecosystem functioning, but often difficult to observe directly. Several indirect techniques, such as fatty acid analysis, were developed to assess these interac...

    Authors: Félix B. Rosumek, Adrian Brückner, Nico Blüthgen, Florian Menzel and Michael Heethoff

    Citation: Frontiers in Zoology 2017 14:36

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  18. Content type: Research

    Animal colours and patterns commonly play a role in reducing detection by predators, social signalling or increasing survival in response to some other environmental pressure. Different colour morphs can evolv...

    Authors: Aidan O’Hanlon, Kristina Feeney, Peter Dockery and Michael J. Gormally

    Citation: Frontiers in Zoology 2017 14:35

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  19. Content type: Research

    Acclimation to abiotic challenges, including decreases in O2 availability, requires physiological and anatomical phenotyping to accommodate the organism to the environmental conditions. The retention of a nucleus...

    Authors: Juan Antonio Martos-Sitcha, Azucena Bermejo-Nogales, Josep Alvar Calduch-Giner and Jaume Pérez-Sánchez

    Citation: Frontiers in Zoology 2017 14:34

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  20. Content type: Research

    Foraging efficiency determines whether animals will be able to raise healthy broods, maintain their own condition, avoid predators and ultimately increase their fitness. Using accelerometers and GPS loggers, f...

    Authors: Juan F. Masello, Akiko Kato, Julia Sommerfeld, Thomas Mattern and Petra Quillfeldt

    Citation: Frontiers in Zoology 2017 14:33

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  21. Content type: Research

    Numerous historical descriptions of the Lesser Egyptian jerboa, Jaculus jaculus, a small bipedal mammal with elongate hindlimbs, make special note of their extraordinary leaping ability. We observed jerboa locomo...

    Authors: Talia Y. Moore, Alberto M. Rivera and Andrew A. Biewener

    Citation: Frontiers in Zoology 2017 14:32

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  22. Content type: Research

    A substantial period of life after reproduction ends, known as postreproductive lifespan (PRLS), is at odds with classical life history theory and its causes and mechanisms have puzzled evolutionary biologists...

    Authors: Theoni Photopoulou, Ines M. Ferreira, Peter B. Best, Toshio Kasuya and Helene Marsh

    Citation: Frontiers in Zoology 2017 14:30

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