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Page 9 of 16

  1. Chitin is a biopolymer that forms the exoskeleton of arthropods, and is found in the cell walls of fungi. It has a wide range of uses in fields such as cosmetics, pharmacy, medicine, bioengineering, agricultur...

    Authors: Murat Kaya, Osman Seyyar, Talat Baran and Tuncay Turkes

    Citation: Frontiers in Zoology 2014 11:59

    Content type: Research

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  2. The vertebrate brain is a highly energy consuming organ that requires continuous energy provision. Energy metabolism of ectothermic organisms is directly affected by environmental temperature changes and has b...

    Authors: Yung-Che Tseng, Sian-Tai Liu, Marian Y Hu, Ruo-Dong Chen, Jay-Ron Lee and Pung-Pung Hwang

    Citation: Frontiers in Zoology 2014 11:53

    Content type: Research

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  3. Cephalopods have evolved strong acid–base regulatory abilities to cope with CO2 induced pH fluctuations in their extracellular compartments to protect gas transport via highly pH sensitive hemocyanins. To date, t...

    Authors: Marian Y Hu, Ying-Jey Guh, Meike Stumpp, Jay-Ron Lee, Ruo-Dong Chen, Po-Hsuan Sung, Yu-Chi Chen, Pung-Pung Hwang and Yung-Che Tseng

    Citation: Frontiers in Zoology 2014 11:55

    Content type: Research

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  4. Morphological integration and modularity depend on genetic covariation between traits, which emerges from pleiotropic effects of single loci and genetic linkage between loci. Since chromosomal reorganizations ...

    Authors: Jessica Martínez-Vargas, Francesc Muñoz-Muñoz, Nuria Medarde, María José López-Fuster and Jacint Ventura

    Citation: Frontiers in Zoology 2014 11:51

    Content type: Research

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  5. In contact zones, genetic mixing of two taxa can be restricted by prezygotic (e.g. assortative mating) or postzygotic (lower fitness of hybrid offspring) barriers, or a combination of the two. A hybrid zone be...

    Authors: Miriam Liedvogel, Keith W Larson, Max Lundberg, Arzu Gursoy, Leonard I Wassenaar, Keith A Hobson, Staffan Bensch and Susanne Åkesson

    Citation: Frontiers in Zoology 2014 11:52

    Content type: Research

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  6. All bird eggs are exposed to microbes in the environment, which if transmitted to the developing embryo, could cause hatching failure. However, the risk of trans-shell infection varies with environmental condi...

    Authors: Nicholas PC Horrocks, Kathryn Hine, Arne Hegemann, Henry K Ndithia, Mohammed Shobrak, Stéphane Ostrowski, Joseph B Williams, Kevin D Matson and B Irene Tieleman

    Citation: Frontiers in Zoology 2014 11:49

    Content type: Research

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  7. As an ecological adaptation venoms have evolved independently in several species of Metazoa. As haematophagous arthropods ticks are mainly considered as ectoparasites due to directly feeding on the skin of ani...

    Authors: Alejandro Cabezas-Cruz and James J Valdés

    Citation: Frontiers in Zoology 2014 11:47

    Content type: Research

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  8. The transfer of antibodies from mother to offspring is key to protecting young animals from disease and can have a major impact on responses to infection and offspring fitness. Such maternal effects also allow...

    Authors: Christina M Coakley, Vincent Staszewski, Katherine A Herborn and Emma JA Cunningham

    Citation: Frontiers in Zoology 2014 11:46

    Content type: Research

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  9. Many potential hosts of social parasites recognize and reject foreign intruders, and reduce or altogether escape the negative impacts of parasitism. The ontogenetic basis of whether and how avian hosts recogni...

    Authors: Csaba Moskát, Miklós Bán and Márk E Hauber

    Citation: Frontiers in Zoology 2014 11:45

    Content type: Research

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  10. In insects, the pumping of the dorsal heart causes circulation of hemolymph throughout the central body cavity, but not within the interior of long body appendages. Hemolymph exchange in these dead-end structu...

    Authors: Reinhold Hustert, Matthias Frisch, Alexander Böhm and Günther Pass

    Citation: Frontiers in Zoology 2014 11:43

    Content type: Research

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  11. The posterodorsal part of the medial amygdala is essential for processing reproductively salient sensory information in rodents. This is the initial brain structure where information from olfactory system and ...

    Authors: Shantala Arundathi Hari Dass and Ajai Vyas

    Citation: Frontiers in Zoology 2014 11:42

    Content type: Research

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  12. Urbanization is a global phenomenon that is encroaching on natural habitats and decreasing biodiversity, although it is creating new habitats for some species. The Eurasian kestrel (Falco tinnunculus) is frequent...

    Authors: Petra Sumasgutner, Erwin Nemeth, Graham Tebb, Harald W Krenn and Anita Gamauf

    Citation: Frontiers in Zoology 2014 11:48

    Content type: Research

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  13. Life history theories predict that investment in current reproduction comes at a cost for future reproduction and survival. Oxidative stress is one of the best documented mechanisms underlying costs of reprodu...

    Authors: Marine I Plumel, Antoine Stier, Danièle Thiersé, Alain van Dorsselaer, François Criscuolo and Fabrice Bertile

    Citation: Frontiers in Zoology 2014 11:41

    Content type: Research

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  14. Incomplete lineage sorting and hybridization are two major nonexclusive causes of haplotype sharing between species. Distinguishing between these two processes is notoriously difficult as they can generate sim...

    Authors: Wenjuan Wang, Chuanyin Dai, Per Alström, Chunlan Zhang, Yanhua Qu, Shou-Hsien Li, Xiaojun Yang, Na Zhao, Gang Song and Fumin Lei

    Citation: Frontiers in Zoology 2014 11:40

    Content type: Research

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  15. Temperate winters produce extreme energetic challenges for small insectivorous mammals. Some bat species inhabiting locations with mild temperate winters forage during brief inter-torpor normothermic periods o...

    Authors: Paul R Hope, Kristine Bohmann, M Thomas P Gilbert, Marie Lisandra Zepeda-Mendoza, Orly Razgour and Gareth Jones

    Citation: Frontiers in Zoology 2014 11:39

    Content type: Research

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  16. The Damaraland mole-rat (Fukomys damarensis) is a eusocial, subterranean mammal, which exhibits an extreme reproductive skew with a single female (queen) monopolizing reproduction in each colony. Non-reproductive...

    Authors: Cornelia Voigt, Manfred Gahr, Stefan Leitner, Heike Lutermann and Nigel Bennett

    Citation: Frontiers in Zoology 2014 11:38

    Content type: Research

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  17. Diaptomid copepods are prevalent throughout continental waters of the Neotropics, yet little is known about their biogeography. In this study we investigate the main biogeographical patterns among the neotropi...

    Authors: Gilmar Perbiche-Neves, Daniel Previattelli, Marcio R Pie, Andressa Duran, Eduardo Suárez-Morales, Geoffrey A Boxshall, Marcos G Nogueira and Carlos EF da Rocha

    Citation: Frontiers in Zoology 2014 11:36

    Content type: Research

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  18. Though it has long been known that the prosomal ganglion of scorpions is supplied by a dense system of arteries, the pattern of this network has never been described and analyzed in detail. Using MicroCT in co...

    Authors: Bastian J Klußmann-Fricke, Sebastian W Pomrehn and Christian S Wirkner

    Citation: Frontiers in Zoology 2014 11:28

    Content type: Research

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  19. Metamorphic remodeling of the nervous system and its organization in juvenile may shed light on early steps of evolution and can be used as an important criterion for establishing the relationships among large...

    Authors: Elena N Temereva and Eugeni B Tsitrin

    Citation: Frontiers in Zoology 2014 11:35

    Content type: Research

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  20. Why have birds evolved the ability to reject eggs? Typically, foreign egg discrimination is interpreted as evidence that interspecific brood parasitism (IP) has selected for the host’s ability to recognize and...

    Authors: Peter Samas, Mark E Hauber, Phillip Cassey and Tomas Grim

    Citation: Frontiers in Zoology 2014 11:34

    Content type: Research

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  21. The homology of the digits in the bird wing is a high-profile controversy in developmental and evolutionary biology. The embryonic position of the digits cartilages with respect to the primary axis (ulnare and...

    Authors: Miguel Salinas-Saavedra, Cristian Gonzalez-Cabrera, Luis Ossa-Fuentes, Joao F Botelho, Macarena Ruiz-Flores and Alexander O Vargas

    Citation: Frontiers in Zoology 2014 11:33

    Content type: Research

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  22. Domestication can lead to marked alterations in the biobehavioural profile of a species. Furthermore, during ontogeny, the individual phenotype of an animal can be shaped by the environment in important phases...

    Authors: Benjamin Zipser, Anja Schleking, Sylvia Kaiser and Norbert Sachser

    Citation: Frontiers in Zoology 2014 11:30

    Content type: Research

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  23. To increase fertilization success, males transfer accessory gland products (Acps). Several species have evolved unconventional Acps transfer modes, meaning that Acps are transferred separately from the sperm. ...

    Authors: Z Valentina Zizzari, Irene Smolders and Joris M Koene

    Citation: Frontiers in Zoology 2014 11:32

    Content type: Review

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  24. Kinorhyncha is a clade of marine invertebrate meiofauna. Their body plan includes a retractable introvert bearing rings of cuticular spines, and a limbless trunk with distinct segmentation of nervous, muscular...

    Authors: María Herranz, Michael J Boyle, Fernando Pardos and Ricardo C Neves

    Citation: Frontiers in Zoology 2014 11:31

    Content type: Research

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  25. The computational demands of sociality (maintaining group cohesion, reducing conflict) and ecological problems (extractive foraging, memorizing resource locations) are the main drivers proposed to explain the ...

    Authors: Elodie F Briefer, Samaah Haque, Luigi Baciadonna and Alan G McElligott

    Citation: Frontiers in Zoology 2014 11:20

    Content type: Research

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  26. The ability to relocate home or breeding sites after experimental removal has been observed in several amphibians and the sensory basis of this behavior has been studied in some temperate-region species. Howev...

    Authors: Andrius Pašukonis, Matthias-Claudio Loretto, Lukas Landler, Max Ringler and Walter Hödl

    Citation: Frontiers in Zoology 2014 11:29

    Content type: Research

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  27. Nutrient availability, assimilation, and allocation can have important and lasting effects on the immune system development of growing animals. Though carotenoid pigments have immunostimulatory properties in m...

    Authors: Kristen L McCartney, Russell A Ligon, Michael W Butler, Dale F DeNardo and Kevin J McGraw

    Citation: Frontiers in Zoology 2014 11:26

    Content type: Research

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  28. Cichlid fishes show considerable diversity in swim bladder morphology. In members of the subfamily Etroplinae, the connection between anterior swim bladder extensions and the inner ears enhances sound transmis...

    Authors: Tanja Schulz-Mirbach, Friedrich Ladich, Martin Plath, Brian D Metscher and Martin Heß

    Citation: Frontiers in Zoology 2014 11:25

    Content type: Research

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  29. Previous exposure to a pathogen can help organisms cope with recurring infection. This is widely recognised in vertebrates, but increasing occasions are also being reported in invertebrates where this phenomen...

    Authors: Lauri Mikonranta, Johanna Mappes, Minna Kaukoniitty and Dalial Freitak

    Citation: Frontiers in Zoology 2014 11:23

    Content type: Research

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  30. Producing smart offspring is an important fitness trait; individuals with enhanced cognitive ability should be more adept at responding to complex environmental demands. Cognitive ability can be influenced by ...

    Authors: Bao-Jun Sun, Ting-Ting Wang, David A Pike, Liang Liang and Wei-Guo Du

    Citation: Frontiers in Zoology 2014 11:21

    Content type: Research

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  31. Experimental litter size manipulations are often not problem free. Typically conducted shortly after birth or oviposition, they do not account for the energy already invested into the production of the offspri...

    Authors: Manuela Ferrari, Anna K Lindholm and Barbara König

    Citation: Frontiers in Zoology 2014 11:18

    Content type: Methodology

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  32. There has been much recent debate in Australia over whether lethal control of dingoes incurs environmental costs, particularly by allowing increase of populations of mesopredators such as red foxes and feral c...

    Authors: Christopher N Johnson, Mathew S Crowther, Chris R Dickman, Michael I Letnic, Thomas M Newsome, Dale G Nimmo, Euan G Ritchie and Arian D Wallach

    Citation: Frontiers in Zoology 2014 11:17

    Content type: Commentary

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  33. Sacoglossan sea slugs are well known for their unique ability among metazoans to incorporate functional chloroplasts (kleptoplasty) in digestive glandular cells, enabling the slugs to use these as energy sourc...

    Authors: Gregor Christa, Katharina Händeler, Till F Schäberle, Gabriele M König and Heike Wägele

    Citation: Frontiers in Zoology 2014 11:15

    Content type: Research

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  34. Maternal kin selection is a driving force in the evolution of mammalian social complexity and it requires that kin are distinctive from nonkin. The transition from the ancestral state of asociality to the deri...

    Authors: Sharon E Kessler, Ute Radespiel, Alida I F Hasiniaina, Lisette M C Leliveld, Leanne T Nash and Elke Zimmermann

    Citation: Frontiers in Zoology 2014 11:14

    Content type: Research

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  35. Bivalve teredinids inflict great destruction to wooden maritime structures. Yet no comprehensive study was ever carried out on these organisms in European coastal waters. Thus, the aims of this study were to: ...

    Authors: Luísa MS Borges, Lucas M Merckelbach, Íris Sampaio and Simon M Cragg

    Citation: Frontiers in Zoology 2014 11:13

    Content type: Research

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  36. Free-living flatworms, in both marine and freshwater environments, are able to adhere to and release from a substrate several times within a second. This reversible adhesion relies on adhesive organs comprised...

    Authors: Birgit Lengerer, Robert Pjeta, Julia Wunderer, Marcelo Rodrigues, Roberto Arbore, Lukas Schärer, Eugene Berezikov, Michael W Hess, Kristian Pfaller, Bernhard Egger, Sabrina Obwegeser, Willi Salvenmoser and Peter Ladurner

    Citation: Frontiers in Zoology 2014 11:12

    Content type: Research

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  37. In biparental birds testosterone levels of males are typically high during the mating phase and decrease during the parental phase. Testosterone implants may enhance mating behaviors, increase the likelihood o...

    Authors: Camila P Villavicencio, Beate Apfelbeck and Wolfgang Goymann

    Citation: Frontiers in Zoology 2014 11:11

    Content type: Research

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  38. How important are sexual hormones beyond their function in reproductive biology has yet to be understood. In this study, we analyzed the effects of sex steroids on the biology of the embryonic amphibian epider...

    Authors: Patricia Castillo-Briceno and Laurent Kodjabachian

    Citation: Frontiers in Zoology 2014 11:9

    Content type: Research

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