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Table 2 Subjects participating in the study

From: Comparative cognition in three understudied ungulate species: European bison, forest buffalos and giraffes

Species Name Sex Age (years) Zoo Rearing history
Forest buffalos (Syncerus caffer nanus) Suza F 11 Barcelona Parent
Joan M 6 Barcelona Parent
Xufa F 14 Barcelona Parent
Canela F 5 Barcelona Parent
Albert M 14 Barcelona Parent
European bison
(Bison bonasus)
Estrella F 8 Barcelona Parent
Verde F 6 Barcelona Parent
Estaca F 30 Barcelona Parent
Espiga F 14 Barcelona Parent
Elipse F 13 Barcelona Parent
Giraffes (Giraffa camelopardalis rothschildi) Nuru F 8 Barcelona Parent
Yalinga F 13 Barcelona Parent
Nakuru M 1 Barcelona Parent
Max M 21 Leipzig Nursery
Ashanti F 16 Leipzig Mother
Andrea F 9 Leipzig Parent
  1. All subjects were born in captivity.