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Table 2 The numbers, mean lengths, and mean movement costs of patch-to-patch LCPs (least cost paths) for Quasipaa spinosa over time under different LCP length limits based on the full and climate-only models

From: Combining the responses of habitat suitability and connectivity to climate change for an East Asian endemic frog

LCP
length limit
20 km 50 km 100 km No limit
LCP No. Mean length (km) Mean movement cost (105) No. Mean length (km) Mean movement cost (105) No. Mean length (km) Mean movement cost (105) No. Mean length (km) Mean movement cost (105)
Full model
 LIG 11 11.0 ± 6.8 1.4 ± 3.8 28 31.1 ± 13.3 14.0 ± 11.9 41 48.6 ± 34.8 20.7 ± 15.9 85 290.4 ± 410.4 109.2 ± 143.9
 LGM 9 15.1 ± 5.6 4.4 ± 2.1 19 27.5 ± 15.0 8.0 ± 4.5 21 31.7 ± 19.5 9.3 ± 6.0 33 162.7 ± 213.7 75.9 ± 103.6
 MidH 161 12.7 ± 7.4 2.9 ± 2.4 276 23.4 ± 16.0 4.6 ± 3.9 329 33.0 ± 27.5 6.4 ± 5.9 420 102.4 ± 191.5 27.0 ± 60.5
 Current 164 11.1 ± 8.5 1.8 ± 1.7 345 24.2 ± 18.5 4.6 ± 4.8 457 37.7 ± 30.0 6.8 ± 6.8 586 102.7 ± 199.1 26.7 ± 68.7
 2050 46 13.3 ± 6.4 3.3 ± 3.5 91 29.7 ± 22.6 6.6 ± 6.4 117 42.6 ± 34.0 8.9 ± 8.4 158 134.2 ± 212.0 30.8 ± 52.9
 2070 11 11.3 ± 5.0 1.8 ± 1.6 22 26.5 ± 18.9 5.9 ± 8.9 29 42.8 ± 36.8 8.6 ± 9.6 62 244.8 ± 263.6 43.4 ± 50.6
Climate-only model
 LIG 21 10.9 ± 9.3 6.0 ± 6.4 28 21.8 ± 24.1 11.4 ± 12.4 32 33.1 ± 39.7 14.2 ± 15.1 47 288.9 ± 433.9 82.2 ± 116.3
 LGM 14 11.7 ± 6.1 2.1 ± 9.8 22 20.2 ± 13.7 3.7 ± 2.6 22 20.2 ± 13.7 3.7 ± 2.6 33 301.9 ± 551.1 77.1 ± 128.8
 MidH 156 10.9 ± 6.2 3.2 ± 4.8 255 21.0 ± 15.4 5.0 ± 7.6 293 29.1 ± 26.1 6.2 ± 9.8 401 112.4 ± 207.2 24.5 ± 52.7
 Current 83 10.0 ± 6.4 1.9 ± 3.3 131 20.7 ± 17.5 3.5 ± 5.9 170 34.1 ± 30.6 4.8 ± 7.6 250 135.3 ± 217.9 23.8 ± 49.6
 2050 54 14.1 ± 10.0 5.8 ± 6.5 88 25.6 ± 19.2 8.5 ± 9.7 105 34.6 ± 28.2 9.9 ± 11.6 155 157.0 ± 263.1 37.6 ± 67.2
 2070 184 11.6 ± 7.8 2.3 ± 4.0 277 19.7 ± 14.4 4.4 ± 7.9 318 26.8 ± 23.6 5.5 ± 9.9 392 86.9 ± 175.3 12.2 ± 23.6
  1. The mean lengths and the mean movement costs are shown as the mean ± SD