 
95% CrI


Contrast

Estimate

Lower

Upper


1–2

− 1.25

−1.71

−0.85

1–3

−3.02

− 3.46

− 2.6

3–4

1.29

0.93

1.68

2–4

−0.48

−0.88

− 0.03

5–6

0.6

−0.1

1.47

5–7

0.72

−0.07

1.65

7–8

−0.31

−0.74

0.17

6–8

−0.19

−0.46

0.07

1–5

−1.21

− 2.05

−0.52

2–6

0.65

0.23

1.11

3–7

2.53

1.96

3.1

4–8

0.93

0.67

1.21

 The posterior estimates (medians) of the effect sizes with the 95% credible intervals (CI) from a posterior distribution of 5000 simulated values generated by the ‘sim’ function in R [33]. Variance components were estimated by the ‘lmer’ function in R [34]. 3) Estimates for particular factor combination levels (see Fig. 5). 4) Estimates for selected contrasts (number in column “contrast” refers to level number in Table 3). Note that response variable was logtransformed in the model, but presented values were backtransformed. Those contrasts whose 95% credible intervals do not contain 0 are highlighted in bold