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Table 3 Character values of the nine selected traits across the ten resources

From: Nutritional quality modulates trait variability

  blood bone chlorella fungi hemp lupine pollen spirulina wheat yeast
mean ± SD (CV) mean ± SD (CV) mean ± SD (CV) mean ± SD (CV) mean ± SD (CV) mean ± SD (CV) mean ± SD (CV) mean ± SD (CV) mean ± SD (CV) mean ± SD (CV)
chemistry
amount [ng/μg] 2 ± 2 (109) 2 ± 1 (46) 4 ± 2 (64) 6 ± 3 (52) 2 ± 1 (45) 4 ± 2 (54) 2 ± 1 (54) 8 ± 10 (133) 3 ± 2 (57) 4 ± 3 (65)
regeneration [%] 0 ± 0 (0) 75 ± 15 (21) 46 ± 37 (79) 58 ± 25 (42) 90 ± 13 (15) 77 ± 17 (23) 74 ± 28 (38) 91 ± 10 (11) 86 ± 15 (17) 85 ± 15 (17)
compositon
  HMBD [%] 4 ± 3 (67) 3 ± 1 (45) 7 ± 12 (166) 12 ± 30 (251) 4 ± 2 (46) 5 ± 8 (170) 6 ± 2 (26) 5 ± 5 (96) 6 ± 2 (36) 6 ± 1 (20)
  NER [%] 13 ± 8 (63) 8 ± 7 (87) 19 ± 9 (48) 20 ± 21 (104) 11 ± 3 (29) 12 ± 16 (128) 11 ± 4 (36) 11 ± 8 (70) 16 ± 9 (56) 17 ± 4 (25)
  NYF [%] 36 ± 9 (25) 39 ± 11 (27) 29 ± 5 (18) 34 ± 6 (17) 43 ± 5 (12) 41 ± 10 (25) 35 ± 5 (14) 37 ± 10 (26) 35 ± 12 (35) 30 ± 5 (16)
  C13 [%] 5 ± 2 (29) 12 ± 4 (32) 9 ± 5 (54) 9 ± 8 (85) 8 ± 5 (56) 10 ± 5 (50) 15 ± 5 (34) 10 ± 6 (62) 7 ± 2 (32) 7 ± 2 (23)
  ACA [%] 16 ± 4 (27) 14 ± 5 (36) 21 ± 5 (26) 21 ± 6 (29) 16 ± 5 (31) 15 ± 6 (40) 13 ± 5 (35) 18 ± 6 (33) 18 ± 6 (31) 23 ± 4 (17)
  C15 [%] 12 ± 3 (29) 13 ± 3 (27) 12 ± 4 (37) 12 ± 5 (41) 9 ± 9 (104) 12 ± 4 (33) 9 ± 3 (30) 12 ± 5 (43) 11 ± 2 (21) 10 ± 2 (25)
  C17 [%] 14 ± 5 (35) 12 ± 3 (22) 8 ± 5 (69) 5 ± 6 (127) 9 ± 2 (23) 9 ± 4 (38) 11 ± 3 (27) 7 ± 4 (66) 8 ± 2 (24) 6 ± 1 (23)
life-history
dev. time [days] 37 ± − (−) 68 ± 11 (15) 56 ± 8 (15) 71 ± 7 (9) 49 ± 7 (15) 63 ± 5 (8) 58 ± 8 (14) 75 ± 6 (9) 59 ± 7 (11) 48 ± 3 (7)
survival [%] 8 ± 28 (30) 37 ± 31 (49) 8 ± 13 (14) 15 ± 16 (18) 50 ± 29 (58) 67 ± 29 (89) 51 ± 26 (54) 11 ± 16 (18) 78 ± 18 (79) 49 ± 18 (36)
offspring [N] 0.1 ± 0.3 (332) 8 ± 10 (127) 2 ± 3 (190) 2 ± 2 (102) 14 ± 14 (101) 19 ± 12 (62) 11 ± 9 (81) 3 ± 5 (154) 45 ± 26 (59) 22 ± 10 (45)
output [mg] 0.001 ± 0.002 (332) 0.7 ± 0.8 (119) 0.3 ± 0.3 (125) 0.2 ± 0.1 (77) 1.1 ± 0.9 (85) 1.5 ± 0.5 (38) 0.7 ± 0.6 (83) 0.3 ± 0.5 (171) 2.2 ± 1.1 (46) 1.3 ± 0.6 (44)
morphology
body mass [μg] 8 ± 4 (46) 17 ± 6 (33) 27 ± 9 (34) 15 ± 4 (30) 19 ± 4 (23) 17 ± 3 (21) 14 ± 6 (42) 19 ± 5 (25) 14 ± 3 (24) 25 ± 8 (35)
morphometry
  Nw I [% NL] 92 ± 16 (17) 88 ± 6 (7) 92 ± 10 (11) 102 ± 15 (15) 87 ± 15 (17) 83 ± 19 (23) 87 ± 9 (10) 93 ± 16 (17) 91 ± 10 (11) 92 ± 14 (15)
  Nw II [% NL] 63 ± 10 (16) 58 ± 5 (9) 62 ± 8 (13) 61 ± 8 (14) 59 ± 6 (11) 56 ± 13 (23) 58 ± 5 (9) 53 ± 8 (15) 60 ± 6 (11) 60 ± 10 (17)
  PL [% NL] 32 ± 11 (36) 25 ± 8 (32) 27 ± 8 (32) 35 ± 11 (32) 25 ± 8 (31) 23 ± 10 (44) 26 ± 9 (33) 30 ± 12 (41) 28 ± 9 (31) 27 ± 10 (37)
  Bd [% NL] 35 ± 8 (24) 33 ± 5 (15) 31 ± 5 (15) 31 ± 7 (21) 32 ± 8 (25) 30 ± 8 (28) 33 ± 5 (15) 31 ± 8 (26) 33 ± 7 (23) 28 ± 6 (21)
  GL [% NL] 27 ± 4 (15) 26 ± 3 (10) 26 ± 3 (12) 28 ± 5 (17) 25 ± 5 (18) 24 ± 6 (25) 26 ± 3 (11) 27 ± 4 (16) 27 ± 4 (14) 27 ± 4 (16)
  Gw I [% NL] 20 ± 4 (21) 20 ± 3 (16) 17 ± 3 (16) 22 ± 6 (28) 16 ± 3 (17) 18 ± 5 (27) 20 ± 3 (16) 21 ± 5 (24) 20 ± 4 (19) 19 ± 4 (21)
  Gw II [% NL] 14 ± 3 (20) 13 ± 2 (17) 11 ± 2 (20) 13 ± 4 (31) 11 ± 2 (20) 11 ± 3 (30) 11 ± 2 (21) 13 ± 3 (23) 12 ± 1 (13) 12 ± 3 (24)
  AL [% NL] 38 ± 7 (19) 36 ± 4 (12) 39 ± 7 (17) 44 ± 8 (18) 40 ± 8 (19) 37 ± 9 (24) 37 ± 6 (17) 40 ± 6 (16) 39 ± 6 (16) 42 ± 9 (21)
  Aw I [% NL] 9 ± 2 (23) 9 ± 2 (24) 8 ± 2 (21) 9 ± 2 (24) 10 ± 3 (28) 8 ± 2 (26) 8 ± 2 (23) 8 ± 2 (20) 8 ± 1 (14) 9 ± 2 (18)
  Aw II [% NL] 14 ± 3 (23) 14 ± 3 (21) 13 ± 3 (19) 15 ± 4 (26) 15 ± 3 (18) 12 ± 4 (28) 12 ± 2 (19) 14 ± 3 (23) 12 ± 2 (16) 15 ± 4 (24)
mean ln CVa −0.23 −0.93 −0.78 −0.97 −1.03 −1.05 −0.92 −0.92 −1.13 −1.27
  1. Traits in italics denote the categories used for the trait variation analyses. Numbers represent means with standard derivations (SD) and raw coefficients of variation (CV). Abbreviations: HMBD = 2-hydroxy-6-methylbenzaldehyde, NER = neral, NYF = neryl formate, C13 = tridecane, ACA = γ-acaridial (3-hydroxybenzene-1,2-dicarbaldehyde), C15 = 7-pentadecene/pentadecane, C17 = 6,9-heptadecadiene/8-heptadecene/heptadecane; NL = notogaster length, Nw I = notogaster width I, Nw II = notogaster width II, PL = prodorsum length, Bd = bothridial setae distance, GL = genital plate length, Gw I = genital plate width I, Gw II = genital plate width II, AL = anal plate length, Aw I = anal plate width I, Aw II = anal plate width II. - = not applicable. a The mean ln CV per resource was calculated based on eq. (2) using the individual ln CVs of all traits from one resource