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Table 1 Outcome of linear models testing the effects of noise on the telomere length of juvenile zebra finches that had parents exposed to noise (PNoise), or that were themselves exposed to noise (JNoise) and a no-noise control group. The asterisks represent “significant” differences in the frequentist’s sense, i.e. when the 95% credible intervals did not overlap zero [39]

From: Timing matters: traffic noise accelerates telomere loss rate differently across developmental stages

Parameters Estimate (β) 95% CI
Fixed effects
 (Intercept) 0.11 −0.16,0.37
 Parents in noise (PNoise) 0.06 −0.01,0.12
 Offspring in noise (JNoise) 0.04 −0.07,0.15
 Sex 0.03 −0.02,0.08
 Age −0.2 −0.27,-0.12*
 Breeding round 0.03 −0.03,0.08
 Mass 0.01 −0.007,0.03
 PNoise x age −0.06 − 0.15,0.02
 JNoise x age −0.32 − 0.60,-0.02*
Random effects Std. Dev (σ2)  
 Individual ID (Intercept) 0.04  
 Mother ID (Intercept) 0.08  
 Father ID (Intercept) 0.09  
 Group (Intercept) 0.01  
 Plate 0.23  
 Residual 0.22