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Fig. 4 | Frontiers in Zoology

Fig. 4

From: Start early! Does social instability during the pre- and early postnatal development prepare male wild cavies for social challenge later in life?

Fig. 4

Plasma testosterone concentrations [ng/ml] on day 5, day 20, day 30 and day 40 after introduction of SE- and UE-sons into the unfamiliar social groups. SE-sons: sons whose mothers had lived in a stable social environment during pregnancy and lactation; UE-sons: sons whose mothers had lived in an unstable social environment during pregnancy and lactation. Data are shown as means and standard error. Comparison of the two groups on day 5, day 20, day 30 and day 40: GLMM, p = 0.912. Statistics were two-tailed, nSE-sons = 6–8, nUE-sons = 8–11

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