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Table 4 GLMM with average daily ramble ratio of the mothers and independent immatures as dependent variable, age class and site as fixed effect as well as individual as random effect

From: Development of foraging skills in two orangutan populations: needing to learn or needing to grow?

Nr. Effect Effect type Estimate Std-Error P-value N
a Age class (mother = 0) Fixed −0.1 0.25 0.672 2
Site (Tuanan = 0) Fixed −0.52 0.25 0.035 2
Individual Random - - - 15 (32)
b Age Fixed 0.02 0.1 0.863 cont.
Site (Tuanan = 0) Fixed −0.69 0.3 0.021 2
Individual Random - - - 8 (17)
  1. Shown are estimates, standard errors, p- values and number of levels for the categorical variables (a). GLMM with average daily ramble ratios of the independently ranging immatures animals as dependent variable, age and site as fixed effects as well as individual as random effect. Estimates, standard errors, p- values and number of levels for the categorical variables (b). The numbers in parentheses indicate the total number of age individual means
  2. Bold font indicates significance at the 0.05 level