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Table 4 ANCOVA results for calf call variables

From: The power of oral and nasal calls to discriminate individual mothers and offspring in red deer, Cervus elaphus

Call variable Oral calls Nasal calls
  Sex effect Body mass effect Sex & body mass effect Sex effect Body mass effect Sex & body mass effect
durat F 1,13 = 1.66, p = 0.220 F 1,13 = 8.06, p= 0.014 F 1,13 = 1.37, p = 0.262 F 1,13 = 4.88, p= 0.046 F 1,13 = 29.10, p< 0.001 F 1,13 = 5.16, p= 0.041
f0beg F 1,13 = 0.23, p = 0.642 F 1,13 = 8.46, p= 0.012 F 1,13 = 0.20, p = 0.660 F 1,13 = 0.14, p = 0.716 F 1,13 = 4.05, p = 0.065 F 1,13 = 0.10, p = 0.755
q75 F 1,13 = 3.88, p = 0.070 F 1,13 = 5.70, p= 0.033 F 1,13 = 3.29, p = 0.093 F 1,13 = 7.83, p= 0.015 F 1,13 = 0.50, p = 0.491 F 1,13 = 8.15, p= 0.014
power-f0 F 1,13 = 0.81, p = 0.385 F 1,13 = 3.40, p = 0.088 F 1,13 = 1.45, p = 0.250 F 1,13 = 0.92, p = 0.354 F 1,13 = 2.65, p = 0.127 F 1,13 = 1.33, p = 0.269
  1. Sex is taken as a fixed categorical factor and body mass as a continuous factor. Designations as in Table 1. Effects considered significant are highlighted in bold.