Skip to main content

Table 3 Influences of larval diets on the H. armigera adult emergence and body weight

From: Effects of dietary sodium on performance, flight and compensation strategies in the cotton bollworm, Helicoverpa armigera (Hübner) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae)

  Larvae fed diet Emergence percent* Percent of moth with
abnormal wing shape*
Body weight (mg)*
Male A 83.5 ± 5.9 a 8.3 ± 0.6 b 141.4 ± 5.2 a
  B 86.2 ± 4.6 a 10.5 ± 0.8 b 133.9 ± 3.6 ab
  C 84.3 ± 6.1 a 14.5 ± 0.9 a 126.5 ± 4.0 b
Female A 84.1 ± 8.7 a 9.5 ± 0.6 b 158.6 ± 3.1 a
  B 84.8 ± 5.7 a 11.1 ± 0.7 ab 139.2 ± 5.5 b
  C 84.9 ± 7.4 a 14.5 ± 1.2 a 138.0 ± 7.2 b
  1. * Data are shown as Mean ± SE for at least 10 individuals. Different small letters after values indicate significant differences (P < 0.05) among different treatments by a one-way ANOVA and Duncan's multiple range test (DMRT). See text and Table 1 for further explanations.