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Table 2 Diet of Myodes rufocanus

From: Analysing diet of small herbivores: the efficiency of DNA barcoding coupled with high-throughput pyrosequencing for deciphering the composition of complex plant mixtures

season method summer dna (N = 18) Mic (N = 16) autumn dna (N = 12) mic (N = 11)
Arctous alpinus .002 (± .01) NA 0 NA
Avenella flexuosa .01 (± .02) .01 (± .03) 0 0
Bistorta vivipara .05 (± .11) 0 .01 (± .05) 0
Chamaepericlymenum suecica .09 (± .17) .004 (± .01) .003 (± .01) 0
Deschampsia cespitosa .01 (± .06) 0 0 .01 (± .02)
Empetrum nigrum hermafroditum .12 (± .18) .01 (± .03) .05 (± .07) 0
Oxycoccos microcarpus 0 NA .001 (± .004) NA
Oxyria digyna 0 .003 (± .01) 0 0
Pedicularis lapponica 0 .004 (± .01) 0 0
Phleum alpinum .04 (± .04) 0 .09 (± .06) 0
Pyrola minor .0003 (± .001) NA 0 NA
Rumex acetosa .08 (± .12) .004 (± .013) .05(± .08) 0
Salix herbaceae 0 .01 (± .03) 0 0
Solidago virgaurea .01 (± .04) 0 0 0
Trientalis europaea .01 (± .02) NA .003 (± .01) NA
Trollius europaeus .002 (± .01) NA 0 NA
Vaccinium myrtillus .001 (± .003) 0 .01 (± .01) .04 (± .05)
Vaccinium uliginosum microphyllum .05 (± .06) .02 (± .02) .19 (± .31) .01 (± .03)
Vaccinium vitis-idaea .01 (± .03) .01 (± .02) 0 .00 (± .01)
Viola biflora .01 (± .05) NA 0 NA
genus     
Arctous .002 (± .01) NA 0 NA
Avenella .01 (± .02) .01 (± .03) 0 0
Betula .01 (± .02) NA .04 (± .14) NA
Bistorta .05 (± .11) 0 .01 (± .05) 0
Chamaepericlymenum .09 (± .17) .004 (± .01) .003 (± .01) 0
Deschampsia .01 (± .06) 0 0 .01 (± .02)
Empetrum .12 (± .18) .01 (± .03) .05 (± .07) 0
Epilobium .01 (± .03) NA 0 NA
Festuca 0 .01 (± .02) 0 0
Geranium .002 (± .01) NA .04 (± .12) NA
Hierachium 0 0 0 .004 (± .01)
Oxycoccos 0 NA .001 (± .004) NA
Oxyria 0 .003 (± .01) 0 0
Pedicularis 0 .004 (± .01) 0 0
Phleum .04 (± .04) 0 .09 (± .06) 0
Pyrola .0003 (± .001) NA 0 NA
Ranunculus .01 (± .05) NA .02 (± .08) NA
Rumex .08 (± .12) .004 (± .013) .05(± .08) 0
Salix .13 (± .24) .03 (± .05) .02 (± .04) .01 (± .04)
Solidago 0 .01 (± .04) 0 0
Trientalis .01 (± .02) NA .003 (± .01) NA
Trollius .002 (± .01) NA 0 NA
Vaccinium .22 (± .16) .19 (± .13) .49 (± .33) .19 (± .16)
Viola .01 (± .05) .002 (± .01) 0 0
Equisetum .06 (± .22) .11 (± .24) .005 (± .02) .02 (± .05)
Gymnocarpium .002 (± .01) NA 0 NA
family     
Apiaceae 0 NA .003 (± .01) NA
Asteraceae .03 (± .09) .01 (± .04) .03 (± .07) .004 (± .01)
Betulaceae .01 (± .02) NA .04 (± .14) NA
Caryophyllaceae 0 .001 (± .01) 0 .03 (± .05)
Cornaceae .09 (± .17) .004 (± .01) .003 (± .01) 0
Cyperaceae .004 (± .01) .001 (± .01) 0 .001 (± .01)
Ericaceae .42 (± .34) .20 (± .13) .61 (± .32) .19 (± .16)
Geraniaceae .002 (± .008) .001 (± .005) .04 (± .12) .03 (± .05)
Onagraceae .01 (± .03) NA 0 NA
Orobanchaceae 0 .004 (± .01) 0 0
Poaceae .07 (± .06) .03 (± .08) .14 (± .13) .04 (± .12)
Polygonaceae .14 (± .20) .03 (± .04) .07 (± .09) .01 (± .02)
Primulaceae .01 (± .02) NA .003 (± .01) NA
Pyrolaceae .0003 (± .001) NA 0 NA
Ranunculaceae .01 (± .06) NA .03 (± .09) NA
Salicaceae .13 (± .24) .03 (± .05) .02 (± .04) .01 (± .04)
Scrophulariaceae 0 .01 (± .02) 0 0
Violaceae .01 (± .05) .003 (± .01) 0 0
Equisetaceae .06 (± .22) .11 (± .24) .005 (± .02) .02 (± .05)
Polypodiaceae .002 (± .01) NA 0 NA
higher taxonomic levels     
Eudicots .86 (± .23) .80 (± .28) .86 (± .12) .63 (± .15)
Monocots .07 (± .07) .04 (± .11) .14 (± .13) .04 (± .12)
Monilophytes .06 (± .22) .11 (± .24) .005 (± .02) .02 (± .05)
Euphyllophytes .004 (± .02) .03 (± .05) 0 .22 (± .11)
Bryophytes NA .01 (± .04) NA .01 (± .01)
Fungi NA .003 (± .01) NA .09 (± .13)
  1. Proportion of identified food items in the diet of Myodes rufocanus using microhistological (mic) and DNA-barcoding (dna) methods, summer and autumn, (mean ± standard deviation). At each taxonomic level, also the proportions from lower levels are included, except for Euphyllophytes where only the items which could not be assigned to a lower taxa are included. NA = Food item not identifiable with the method in question.