Skip to main content

Table 1 Non-social hymenopteran species for which sl-CSD has been proposed to be the sex determining mechanism. Confidence codes indicate the levels of evidence: 1 = post hoc explanations for exceptionally high male biased sex ratios in cultures or field surveys, 2 = on the basis of the verification of male diploidy through cytological (chromosome number), morphological (size, weight, density of wing microchaetae), genetical (microsatellites) or electrophoretical (allozymes) methods, 3 = on the basis of the sex ratios in inbreeding experiments in accordance with predictions under CSD, 4 = the joint combination of level 2 and 3, and 5 = linkage mapping of the sex locus and/or its molecular characterization

From: Single locus complementary sex determination in Hymenoptera: an "unintelligent" design?

Species Confidence code Reference
Sub-order Symphyta   
   Family Tenthredinideae   
Athalia rosae 4 [117]
   Family Diprionidae   
Neodiprion nigroscutum 4 [118]
Neodiprion pinetum 2 Wallace pers. comm. in [7]
Sub-order Apocrita Infra-order Parasitica   
   Family Braconidae   
Aphidius rhoplosiphi 3 [119]
Bracon brevicornis 4 [120]
Bracon hebetor 4 [121]
Bracon serinopae 4 [122]
Cotesia rubecula 2 Steiner pers. comm. in [7]
Cotesia glomerata 3 [20]
Microplitis croceiceps 4 [123]
   Family Ichneumonidae   
Bathyplectes curculionis 2 [124]
Diadegma armillata 4 [32]
Diadegma chrysostictos 4 [125]
Diadegma eucerophaga 4 [32]
Diadegma fabriciane 4 [32]
Diadegma fenestralis 4 [32]
Diadegma insulare 4 [32]
Diadegma pulchellus 4 [32]
Diadegma semiclausum 4 [126]
Diadromus pulchellus 4 [34,127]
Heteropelma scaposum 1 [128]
Venturia canescens 3 [62]
Sub-order Apocrita Infra-order Aculeata   
   Family Vespidae   
Ancistrocerus antilope 2 [58]
Euodynerus foraminatus 4 [56,57]