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Figure 3 | Frontiers in Zoology

Figure 3

From: Behavioral and neuroendocrine consequences of social subjugation across adolescence and adulthood

Figure 3

Measures of Steroid Hormone Changes: Shown are the mean plasma levels of cortisol and testosterone and the diameter of the androgen-sensitive flank glands (+ SEM). Measures are collected over a changing social history from hamsters initially subjugated in adolescence (black bar) as compared to their siblings isolated in adolescence (open bar). AS – adult subjugation; AI – adult isolation (* p <.05; ** p < .01)

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