Skip to main content

Table 3 Phenology of lepidopteran prey species found in the winter diet of M. nattereri

From: Second generation sequencing and morphological faecal analysis reveal unexpected foraging behaviour by Myotis nattereri (Chiroptera, Vespertilionidae) in winter

Family Species Flight season Life cycle
Geometridae Agriopis marginaria February- April Larva April- June
  Alcis resplandata June- August Overwinters as larva
  Operophtera brumata October- January Larva April- June
Noctuidae Anaplectoides prasina June- July Overwinters as larva
  Apamea epomidion June- July Overwinters as larva
  Apamea crenata/epomidion June- July Overwinters as larva
  Conistra vaccinii/ligula September- May Larva April- June
  Diarsia rubi May- June, August- September Overwinters as larva
  Noctua pronuba/janthe June- November Overwinters as larva
  Omphaloscelis lunosa August- October Overwinters as larva
  Orthosia incerta March- May Larva April- June
  Phlogophora meticulosa May- October Overwinters as larva,
  Xestia c-nigrum May- June, August- October Overwinters as larva
  Xestia sextrigata July- August Overwinters as larva
  Xestia triangulum June- August Overwinters as larva
  Xestia xanthographa June- October Overwinters as larva
Torticidae Tortricodes alternella January- April Larva, May
Ypsolophidae Ypsolopha ustella Throughout year Larva April- June
  1. Phenology of lepidopteran prey species found in the winter diet of M. nattereri, the information on phenology was obtained from Waring & Townsend [44], Sterling & Parsons [45] and a local moth recording website [52].