Skip to main content

Table 1 Sampled neognath taxa, following the taxonomy of Hackett et al.[49]

From: Scale effects and morphological diversification in hindlimb segment mass proportions in neognath birds

Species N Body mass (g) Hindlimb length (cm) Thigh mass (g) Shank mass (g) Pes mass (g) Tars. mass (g) Digit mass (g)
Land birds         
Falco tinnunculus 1 170.0 15.9 3.92 5.52 2.45 -- --
Falco peregrinus 1 1 425.9 20.7 10.60 10.90 5.60 2.60 2.90
Corvus corone 1 575.0 19.4 18.91 18.11 6.58 2.91 3.61
Corvus brachyrhynchos 1 1 402.0 -- 12.80 14.70 4.60 2.10 2.50
Pica pica 1 195.0 15.2 7.08 7.47 1.68 0.88 0.80
Corvus monedula 1 255.0 17.1 6.50 7.71 2.40 1.23 1.16
Accipiter nisus 1 260.0 19.7 7.15 9.15 3.07 1.80 1.26
Accipiter striatus 1 1 111.6 16.0 3.00 3.90 2.20 1.20 0.90
Buteo buteo 2 780.0 25.1 30.88 37.81 15.16 8.71 6.42
Buteo jamaicensis 1 2 2185.0 30.7 46.10 51.05 20.75 11.50 9.15
Bubo virginianus 1,2 1 1028.0 30.6 44.20 59.60 25.30 12.30 13.00
Tyto alba 1 218.0 19.1 8.41 12.18 4.87 2.58 2.29
Lanius collurio 1 30.0 7.9 0.75 0.73 0.20 0.09 0.11
Turdus merula 2 97.5 11.1 2.50 2.43 0.59 0.27 0.32
Turdus philomelos 2 69.0 10.0 1.87 1.54 0.36 0.18 0.18
Alauda arvensis 1 40.0 -- 0.88 0.77 0.20 0.08 0.11
Fringilla coelebs 1 18.0 6.1 0.30 0.24 0.09 0.04 0.05
Pyrrhula pyrrhula 1 28.0 6.5 0.44 0.36 0.13 0.06 0.07
Cardinalis cardinalis 1 2 34.5 -- 0.55 0.57 0.29 0.14 0.15
Cathurus guttatus 1 1 29.5 9.7 0.53 0.66 0.21 0.11 0.10
Zonotrichia albicollis 1 1 28.2 8.7 0.60 0.52 0.23 0.104 0.12
Alcedo atthis 1 33.0 5.6 0.41 0.21 0.12 0.05 0.06
Picus viridis 1 205.0 12.2 5.61 3.75 1.19 0.53 0.66
Colaptes auratus 1 135.4 9.8 3.40 2.30 0.90 0.40 0.50
Charadriiformes         
Vanellus vanellus 1 178.0 15.9 5.14 4.03 1.58 0.87 0.69
Recurvirostra avosetta 1 195.0 23.3 5.20 7.30 4.44 2.57 1.81
Haematopus ostralegus 1 433.3 20.1 15.74 10.96 4.69 -- --
Scolopax minor 1 2 162.4 13.1 6.45 3.70 1.09 0.55 0.50
Water Birds         
Pygoscelis adeliae 1 4030.0 25.4 138.75 77.45 30.5 11.65 18.65
Ardea herodias 1 1 2300.0 45.9 31.70 43.00 18.10 13.00 5.00
CoreGruiformes         
Rallus aquaticus 1 83.0 13.7 4.34 3.30 1.10 0.57 0.53
Gallinula chloropus 1 380.0 19.5 21.45 13.14 4.47 2.00 2.44
Galloanseraes         
Bonasa umbellus 1 564.9 20.08 21.05 13.65 3.15 1.35 1.75
Coturnix coturnix 1 205.0 15.2 9.39 6.84 1.87 0.87 0.96
Pavo cristatus 1 1 2775.0 39.8 154.17 134.52 47.61 28.10 19.41
Branta canadensis 1 1 6975.0 36.0 108.20 109.40 22.10 13.60 8.40
Apodiformes         
Apus apus 2 40.0 4.9 0.83 0.70 0.17 0.08 0.09
Columbiformes         
Columba livia 2 322.5 14.5 7.14 5.32 2.04 1.02 1.03
  1. ‘Tars’ denotes tarsometatarsus.
  2. 1Thigh and shank segments skinned.
  3. 2Body mass value from Field et al.[51].