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Table 1 Sampled neognath taxa, following the taxonomy of Hackett et al.[49]

From: Scale effects and morphological diversification in hindlimb segment mass proportions in neognath birds

Species

N

Body mass (g)

Hindlimb length (cm)

Thigh mass (g)

Shank mass (g)

Pes mass (g)

Tars. mass (g)

Digit mass (g)

Land birds

        

Falco tinnunculus

1

170.0

15.9

3.92

5.52

2.45

--

--

Falco peregrinus 1

1

425.9

20.7

10.60

10.90

5.60

2.60

2.90

Corvus corone

1

575.0

19.4

18.91

18.11

6.58

2.91

3.61

Corvus brachyrhynchos 1

1

402.0

--

12.80

14.70

4.60

2.10

2.50

Pica pica

1

195.0

15.2

7.08

7.47

1.68

0.88

0.80

Corvus monedula

1

255.0

17.1

6.50

7.71

2.40

1.23

1.16

Accipiter nisus

1

260.0

19.7

7.15

9.15

3.07

1.80

1.26

Accipiter striatus 1

1

111.6

16.0

3.00

3.90

2.20

1.20

0.90

Buteo buteo

2

780.0

25.1

30.88

37.81

15.16

8.71

6.42

Buteo jamaicensis 1

2

2185.0

30.7

46.10

51.05

20.75

11.50

9.15

Bubo virginianus 1,2

1

1028.0

30.6

44.20

59.60

25.30

12.30

13.00

Tyto alba

1

218.0

19.1

8.41

12.18

4.87

2.58

2.29

Lanius collurio

1

30.0

7.9

0.75

0.73

0.20

0.09

0.11

Turdus merula

2

97.5

11.1

2.50

2.43

0.59

0.27

0.32

Turdus philomelos

2

69.0

10.0

1.87

1.54

0.36

0.18

0.18

Alauda arvensis

1

40.0

--

0.88

0.77

0.20

0.08

0.11

Fringilla coelebs

1

18.0

6.1

0.30

0.24

0.09

0.04

0.05

Pyrrhula pyrrhula

1

28.0

6.5

0.44

0.36

0.13

0.06

0.07

Cardinalis cardinalis 1

2

34.5

--

0.55

0.57

0.29

0.14

0.15

Cathurus guttatus 1

1

29.5

9.7

0.53

0.66

0.21

0.11

0.10

Zonotrichia albicollis 1

1

28.2

8.7

0.60

0.52

0.23

0.104

0.12

Alcedo atthis

1

33.0

5.6

0.41

0.21

0.12

0.05

0.06

Picus viridis

1

205.0

12.2

5.61

3.75

1.19

0.53

0.66

Colaptes auratus

1

135.4

9.8

3.40

2.30

0.90

0.40

0.50

Charadriiformes

        

Vanellus vanellus

1

178.0

15.9

5.14

4.03

1.58

0.87

0.69

Recurvirostra avosetta

1

195.0

23.3

5.20

7.30

4.44

2.57

1.81

Haematopus ostralegus

1

433.3

20.1

15.74

10.96

4.69

--

--

Scolopax minor 1

2

162.4

13.1

6.45

3.70

1.09

0.55

0.50

Water Birds

        

Pygoscelis adeliae

1

4030.0

25.4

138.75

77.45

30.5

11.65

18.65

Ardea herodias 1

1

2300.0

45.9

31.70

43.00

18.10

13.00

5.00

CoreGruiformes

        

Rallus aquaticus

1

83.0

13.7

4.34

3.30

1.10

0.57

0.53

Gallinula chloropus

1

380.0

19.5

21.45

13.14

4.47

2.00

2.44

Galloanseraes

        

Bonasa umbellus

1

564.9

20.08

21.05

13.65

3.15

1.35

1.75

Coturnix coturnix

1

205.0

15.2

9.39

6.84

1.87

0.87

0.96

Pavo cristatus 1

1

2775.0

39.8

154.17

134.52

47.61

28.10

19.41

Branta canadensis 1

1

6975.0

36.0

108.20

109.40

22.10

13.60

8.40

Apodiformes

        

Apus apus

2

40.0

4.9

0.83

0.70

0.17

0.08

0.09

Columbiformes

        

Columba livia

2

322.5

14.5

7.14

5.32

2.04

1.02

1.03

  1. ‘Tars’ denotes tarsometatarsus.
  2. 1Thigh and shank segments skinned.
  3. 2Body mass value from Field et al.[51].