Arena orientation. Circular vector plots representing initial orientation over one meter of territorial individuals translocated from close-range, < 35 m (a), mid-range, 35 – 70 m (b), or far-range, 70 – 105 m (c). Each vector represents an individual. Vector length represents the path straightness in the arena. Vector direction represents the bearing from the arena center to the crossing point of a one-meter radius circle. Reported significance levels were obtained by second order Hotelling’s circlular test for unimodal distribution and by a Hotelling’s two-sample test for the comparisons between distributions.