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Figure 2 | Frontiers in Zoology

Figure 2

From: Food load manipulation ability shapes flight morphology in females of central-place foraging Hymenoptera

Figure 2

Box-and-whisker plots of flight muscle ratio and wing loading in relation to food load manipulation ability. a flight muscle ratio (FMR). b wing loading (WL). Medians (horizontal lines within boxes), means (■), 1° and 3° quartile (top and bottom horizontal lines of the boxes), as well as maximum and minimum values () are shown for the species able to manipulate the food load (AtM-species) and for the species unable to manipulate the food load (UtM). Endpoints of the whiskers represent the lowest datum still within 1.5 × interquartile range of the lower quartile, and the highest datum still within 1.5 × interquartile range of the upper quartile.

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